Guido Zavattini

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The Italian-Dutch satellite for X-ray Astronomy BeppoSAX is successfully operating on a 600 km equatorial orbit since May 1996. We present here the in-flight performances of the Gamma Ray Burst Monitor experiment during its first year of operation. The GRBM is the secondary function of the four CsI(Na) slabs primarily operating as an active anticoincidence(More)
We report the experimental observation of a light polarization rotation in vacuum in the presence of a transverse magnetic field. Assuming that data distribution is Gaussian, the average measured rotation is (3.9 +/- 0.5) x 10(-12) rad/pass, at 5 T with 44 000 passes through a 1 m long magnet, with lambda = 1064 nm. The relevance of this result in terms of(More)
We report high-energy spectral data of the prompt emission of GRB970228 and its X–ray afterglow. We establish that the nature of the X–ray afterglow emission is non-thermal and similar to the later portion of GRB970228. Our data can be used to discriminate different emission models of GRB afterglows. While cooling of excited compact objects can be ruled(More)
—The capability of the scintimammography to diagnose subcentimeters sized tumors was increased by the employment of a dedicated gamma camera. The introduction of small field of view camera, based on pixellated scintillation array and position sensitive photomultiplier, allowed to enhance the geometric spatial resolution and contrast of the images due to(More)
A prototype for Positron Emission Mammography, the YAP-PEM, is under development within a collaboration of the Italian Universities of Pisa, Ferrara, and Bologna. The aim is to detect breast lesions, with dimensions of 5 mm in diameter, and with a specific activity ratio of 10:1 between the cancer and breast tissue. The YAP-PEM is composed of two stationary(More)
UNLABELLED The preparation, characterization, and first biologic evaluation in rats of a novel class of monocationic (99m)Tc heart imaging agents are reported. The complexes are represented by the general formula [(99m)Tc(N)(PNP)(L)](+), where L is the monoanionic form of a dithiocarbamate ligand of the type [R(1)(R(2))-N-C(=S)S](-), PNP is a diphosphine(More)
OBJECTIVE We would like to improve the image reconstructions for both signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and spatial resolution characteristics for the small animal positron emission tomograph YAP-PET, built at the Department of Physics of Ferrara University. The three-dimensional (3D) filtered backprojection (FBP) algorithm, usually used for image reconstruction,(More)
A prototype of a combined CT–SPECT tomograph for breast cancer study has been developed and evaluated. It allows to perform scintimammography and X-ray CT in the same geometrical conditions. The CT system is based on a quasi-monochromatic beam tuned at 28 keV and an array of ultra fast ceramic scintillators coupled to photodiodes whilst the SPECT system is(More)
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