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a Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Interdisciplinary Center for Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Diabetes, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin , Germany; b Department of Pathology, University of Parma, Parma , Italy; c Department of Gastroenterology, Philipps-Universität, Marburg , Germany; d Section for Endocrine Oncology, Department(More)
Gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are fairly rare neoplasms that present many clinical challenges. They secrete peptides and neuroamines that cause distinct clinical syndromes, including carcinoid syndrome. However, many are clinically silent until late presentation with mass effects. Investigation and management should be highly(More)
BACKGROUND Enterochromaffinlike (ECL) cell carcinoids recently observed in rats stimulated new interest in gastric endocrine tumors arising in humans. METHODS Paraffin-embedded sections of 55 endocrine tumor cases were stained with H&E, mucin tests were performed, and immunoperoxidase was used for detecting endocrine markers; 23 cases were also(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system comprise a rare but challenging group of malignant neoplasms and occur at virtually any site of the GEP system. In 2006, a new TNM classification system was proposed for the staging and grading of upper GEP NETs. METHODS The prognostic relevance of the TNM classification(More)
This consensus report gives a detailed description of the use of somatostatin analogs in the management of neuroendocrine tumors of the gastroenteropancreatic system. As background information we have outlined critical aspects of the pathology, the use of tumor markers, a definition of functional and non-functional digestive neuroendocrine tumors, different(More)
The gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are composed of cells with a neuroendocrine phenotype. Well-differentiated tumors, well-differentiated carcinomas, poorly differentiated carcinomas, functioning tumors (with a hormonal syndrome), and nonfunctioning tumors are identified. To predict their clinical behavior, these neuroendocrine(More)
The goal of this study was to provide information of prognostic value for gastric endocrine tumors. A total of 205 gastric endocrine tumors have been studied: 193 well differentiated tumors [2 gastrin cell tumors, 191 enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell tumors] and 12 poorly differentiated carcinomas. Subtyping of ECL cell tumors (carcinoids) resulted in 152(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Gastric endocrine tumors show a wide spectrum of clinical behavior, and prognostic assessement of individual tumors is difficult. The aims of this work were to identify predictors of tumor malignancy and patient outcome and to provide a rationale for treatment guidelines. METHODS Gastric endocrine tumors (86 enterochromaffin-like cell(More)
Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand for GH secretagogue receptors, has been reported to influence acid gastric secretion and motility, but its potential gastroprotective effect is unknown. The aims of this study were 1) to examine the effects of central and peripheral administration of ghrelin on ethanol-induced gastric ulcers in conscious rats, and 2) to(More)
BACKGROUND Both the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) and the International Union for Cancer Control/American Joint Cancer Committee/World Health Organization (UICC/AJCC/WHO) have proposed TNM staging systems for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. This study aims to identify the most accurate and useful TNM system for pancreatic neuroendocrine(More)