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1. Lipoic acid is an example of an existing drug whose therapeutic effect has been related to its antioxidant activity. 2. Antioxidant activity is a relative concept: it depends on the kind of oxidative stress and the kind of oxidizable substrate (e.g., DNA, lipid, protein). 3. In vitro, the final antioxidant activity of lipoic acid is determined by its(More)
Quercetin, a member of the flavonoids family, is one of the most prominent dietary antioxidants. It is ubiquitously present in foods including vegetables, fruit, tea and wine as well as countless food supplements and is claimed to exert beneficial health effects. This includes protection against various diseases such as osteoporosis, certain forms of(More)
Impaired nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasorelaxation plays a key role in the development of diabetic vascular complications. We investigated the effect of hyperglycaemia on impaired vasoreactivity and a putative role therein of the AGE precursor methylglyoxal. The effects of high glucose and methylglyoxal on NO-dependent vasorelaxation in isolated rat(More)
Free radical scavenging antioxidants, such as quercetin, are chemically converted into oxidation products when they protect against free radicals. The main oxidation product of quercetin, however, displays a high reactivity towards thiols, which can lead to the loss of protein function. The quercetin paradox is that in the process of offering protection,(More)
PURPOSE During exercise, the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species significantly increases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a single session of resistance exercise on antioxidant capacity, oxidative damage, and inflammation. METHODS Muscle biopsies, urine, and blood samples were collected from seven healthy men(More)
When an antioxidant scavenges a reactive species, i.e., when it exerts its antioxidant activity, the antioxidant is converted into potentially harmful oxidation products. In this way, the antioxidant quercetin might yield an ortho-quinone, denoted as QQ, which has four tautomeric forms, i.e., the ortho-quinone and three quinonmethides. We evaluated the(More)
Activation of the NADPH oxidase homolog dual oxidase 1 (DUOX1) within the airway epithelium represents a key mechanism of innate airway host defense, through enhanced production of H2O2, which mediates cellular signaling pathways that regulate the production of various inflammatory mediators. Production of the CXC chemokine interleukin (IL)-8/CXCL8 forms a(More)
Ethylene dibromide (1,2-dibromoethane, EDB) is metabolized by two routes: a conjugative route catalyzed by glutathione S-transferases (GST) and an oxidative route catalyzed by cytochrome P450 (P450). The GST route is associated with carcinogenicity. An approach is presented to use human purified GST and P450 enzymes to explore the importance of these(More)
Glutathione (GSH) protects rat liver microsomes against ascorbic acid (0.2 mM)/ferrous iron (10 microM)-induced lipid peroxidation for some time. The inhibitory effect of GSH is concentration-dependent (0.1-1.0 mM). Our data suggest that GSH acts by preventing initial radical formation rather than via radical scavenging or GSH--peroxidase activity. A labile(More)