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Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) and activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factors regulate many important biological and pathological processes. Activation of NF-kappaB is regulated by the inducible phosphorylation of NF-kappaB inhibitor IkappaB by IkappaB kinase. In contrast, Fos, a key component of AP-1, is primarily transcriptionally regulated by(More)
Bile duct injury (BDI) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) which may result in patient disability or death are reported to occur more frequently when compared to open surgery. The aim of this nationwide prospective study beyond the laparoscopic learning curve was to analyze the incidence, risk factors, and management of major BDI. During a 3-year(More)
PURPOSE Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is currently the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States, and most pancreatic cancers develop locally advanced disease or metastasis at the time of diagnosis. The mechanisms by which it invades and metastasizes are not known. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To identify the genes involved in pancreatic cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the 10 most common human carcinomas in the world. The mechanism by which HCC cells resist apoptosis induced by various treatment modalities is poorly understood. METHODS The authors sought to determine whether Rel/NF-kappaB transcription factors play a key role in controlling apoptosis in human(More)
Although the genetic profile of pancreatic cancer is emerging as a result of much research, the role of specific genetic alterations that initiate tumorigenesis and produce its cardinal clinical features of locally aggressive growth, metastasis, and chemotherapy resistance remains unresolved. Recently, a number of studies have shown that the inhibition of(More)
PURPOSE We seek to elucidate the role of constitutive nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) activity in human pancreatic cancer cells. We have demonstrated that the transcription factor NFkappaB is activated constitutively in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma and human pancreatic cancer cell lines but not in normal pancreatic tissues or in(More)
Natural orifice transenteric surgery (NOTES) is a new and rapidly evolving concept for intra-abdominal operations that offers the potential for a revolutionary advance in patient care. Conceptually, operations that currently require an open or laparoscopic approach could be performed without incisions in the abdomen, with their concomitant pain and(More)
We have demonstrated that nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) is constitutively activated in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma and human pancreatic cancer cell lines but not in normal pancreatic tissues or in immortalized, nontumorigenic pancreatic epithelial cells, suggesting that NF-kappa B plays a critical role in the development of pancreatic(More)
The Rel/NF-kappaB transcription factors play a key role in the regulation of apoptosis and in tumorigenesis by controlling the expressions of specific genes. To determine the role of the constitutive activity of RelA in tumorigenesis, we generated pancreatic tumor cell lines that express a dominant negative mutant of IkappaBalpha (IkappaBalphaM). In this(More)
Most pancreatic cancer patients present with inoperable disease or develop metastases after surgery. Conventional therapies are usually ineffective in treating metastatic disease. It is evident that novel therapies remain to be developed. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) plays a key role in cancer metastasis, signaling through the TGF-beta type(More)