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Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) and activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factors regulate many important biological and pathological processes. Activation of NF-kappaB is regulated by the inducible phosphorylation of NF-kappaB inhibitor IkappaB by IkappaB kinase. In contrast, Fos, a key component of AP-1, is primarily transcriptionally regulated by(More)
Bile duct injury (BDI) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) which may result in patient disability or death are reported to occur more frequently when compared to open surgery. The aim of this nationwide prospective study beyond the laparoscopic learning curve was to analyze the incidence, risk factors, and management of major BDI. During a 3-year(More)
PURPOSE Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is currently the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States, and most pancreatic cancers develop locally advanced disease or metastasis at the time of diagnosis. The mechanisms by which it invades and metastasizes are not known. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To identify the genes involved in pancreatic cancer(More)
Although the genetic profile of pancreatic cancer is emerging as a result of much research, the role of specific genetic alterations that initiate tumorigenesis and produce its cardinal clinical features of locally aggressive growth, metastasis, and chemotherapy resistance remains unresolved. Recently, a number of studies have shown that the inhibition of(More)
Natural orifice transenteric surgery (NOTES) is a new and rapidly evolving concept for intra-abdominal operations that offers the potential for a revolutionary advance in patient care. Conceptually, operations that currently require an open or laparoscopic approach could be performed without incisions in the abdomen, with their concomitant pain and(More)
PURPOSE We seek to elucidate the role of constitutive nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) activity in human pancreatic cancer cells. We have demonstrated that the transcription factor NFkappaB is activated constitutively in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma and human pancreatic cancer cell lines but not in normal pancreatic tissues or in(More)
We have demonstrated that nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) is constitutively activated in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma and human pancreatic cancer cell lines but not in normal pancreatic tissues or in immortalized, nontumorigenic pancreatic epithelial cells, suggesting that NF-kappa B plays a critical role in the development of pancreatic(More)
Most pancreatic cancer patients present with inoperable disease or develop metastases after surgery. Conventional therapies are usually ineffective in treating metastatic disease. It is evident that novel therapies remain to be developed. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) plays a key role in cancer metastasis, signaling through the TGF-beta type(More)
Both pro- and antiapoptotic activities of NF-kappaB transcription factor have been observed; however, less is known about the mechanism by which NF-kappaB induces apoptosis. To elucidate how NF-kappaB regulates proapoptotic signaling, we performed functional analyses using wild-type, ikk1(-/-), ikk2(-/-), rela(-/-) murine fibroblasts, MDAPanc-28/Puro,(More)
We have previously demonstrated that RelA is constitutively activated in the majority of human pancreatic cancers and plays an important role in tumorigenesis and metastasis. The antiapoptotic gene bcl-xl is a downstream target of RelA, and regulation of bcl-xl transcription is mediated directly by the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) binding sites present(More)