Guido Krause

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BACKGROUND Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are persistent and bioaccumulative flame retardants, which are found in rising concentrations in human tissues. They are of concern for human health because animal studies have shown that they possess the potential to be developmentally neurotoxic. OBJECTIVE Because there is little knowledge of the effects(More)
Gliomatosis cerebri (GC) is a rare tumor of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by widespread diffuse infiltration of the brain and spinal cord by neoplastic glial cells. We report the case of a 17-year-old boy with a bioptically diagnosed fibrillary astrocytoma. The administration of thalidomide, which was suggested to be beneficial in the(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are bioaccumulating flame retardants found in rising concentrations in human tissue. Epidemiological and animal studies have raised concern for their potential to induce developmental neurotoxicity (DNT). Considering the essential role of calcium homeostasis in neurodevelopment, PBDE-induced disturbance of(More)
One possible cause for the neuronal loss in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (S-ALS) is an increase of free radicals, which may produce oxidative damage to susceptible biomolecules, which, in turn, can damage the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Following laser microdissection of single motor neurons from paraffin-embedded autopsy tissue, we analyzed the(More)
Based on complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology a neurosensor chip with passive palladium electrodes was developed. The CMOS technology allows a high reproducibility of the sensors as well as miniaturization and the on-chip integration of electronics. Networks of primary neurones were taken from murine foetal spinal cord (day 14) and(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential effects of 2-methoxyestradiol, a natural mammalian steroid, in glioma cells, since antiproliferative effects of this compound had been shown earlier in several leukemia and carcinoma cell lines. The effects of 0.2, 2 and 20 microM concentrations of 2-methoxyestradiol were measured in three malignant(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction caused by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) aberrations has been implicated in the neuronal death in neurodegenerative disorders. Significant neuronal damage can occur if the percentage of mtDNA mutations may reach a critical threshold. mtDNA mutations also accumulate during normal aging. Here we quantified the 5 kB common mtDNA deletion(More)
The aim of this study was a clonal analysis of gliomatosis cerebri (GC), a rare disease characterized by diffuse, extensively infiltrating glial tumors of the central nervous system. Two females of the series were not informative in assays for X-chromosomal inactivation, and a polycytosine tract of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was tested as a clonal(More)
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