Guido Groenen

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A systematic study was performed on the reactions occurring during several short-course therapy regimens for the treatment of paucibacillary and multibacillary patients. Most type 1 upgrading reactions in paucibacillary (PB) leprosy were mild to moderate and of short duration, while the time of onset was extremely variable. Their incidence was higher in the(More)
As integration of leprosy control programmes proceeds, general health staff will have responsibility for the diagnosis of most new cases of leprosy. The training required by these workers has not yet been set out in detail. In this paper the criteria for making the diagnosis of leprosy in the AMFES cohort of 594 new cases are examined. Since this study does(More)
In 2 non-governmental organization projects 244 new leprosy patients in Bangladesh were classified in the field according to clinical criteria i.e. number of skin lesions and number of enlarged nerves. Comparison of these classification results with the results of skin smears and biopsies yielded a sensitivity (for detection of a MB case) of 92.1%, but the(More)
BACKGROUND Emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) represents an enormous challenge to Public Health globally. METHODS Progression towards XDR-TB was investigated in Belgium, a country with a typically low TB incidence, by analyzing the magnitude, characteristics, and treatment success of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)(More)
Between 1984 and 1988, yearly surveys for leprosy were done among the 1500 people living in a previous leprosy segregation village in Zaire. In 1984 lepromin tests and phenolic glycolipid (PGL) antibody tests were done in a significant part of the population. The prevalence of the disease at that time was 16.1%, the proportion of multibacillary cases was(More)
From 1981 to 1983 all multibacillary patients presenting at the collaborating centres in Zaire and Rwanda were treated with one of the following regimens: 6 months supervised daily RMP 600 mg, ETH 500 mg and DDS 100 mg or CLO 100 mg followed by 6 months unsupervised daily DDS 100 mg or CLO 100 mg with ETH 500 mg added or not. These regimens gave rise to(More)
In 2 non-governmental organization projects in Bangladesh 244 new leprosy patients were classified in the field according to clinical criteria. Skin smears were taken at 4 standardized sites and at the most active peripheral lesion, where a biopsy was also taken. Comparison of the clinical field classification with the results of the skin smears and(More)
In order to determine the duration of follow-up needed to evaluate the efficacy of short-course bactericidal regimens for multibacillary leprosy, information is needed on the incubation time of relapses after stopping treatment. Several groups of patients, who had been on rifampicin-containing regimens, were followed up for periods ranging from 4 to 10(More)
From 1979 to 1999, the ALERT leprosy control programme has covered a well-defined area in central Ethiopia using standardized case finding strategies. During this period, the leprosy prevalence has decreased more than 30-fold, there has been a 3-fold decrease in case detection and a 6-fold decrease in the case detection rate. The proportion of MB patients(More)
The Xpert® MTB/RIF assay detects the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its resistance to rifampicin (RMP) directly in sputum samples. Discrepant results were observed in a case of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis that was Xpert-resistant but phenotypically susceptible to RMP. Complementary investigations (repeat Xpert, Genotype®MTBDRplus assay(More)