Guido Groenen

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In 2 non-governmental organization projects 244 new leprosy patients in Bangladesh were classified in the field according to clinical criteria i.e. number of skin lesions and number of enlarged nerves. Comparison of these classification results with the results of skin smears and biopsies yielded a sensitivity (for detection of a MB case) of 92.1%, but the(More)
Between 1984 and 1988, yearly surveys for leprosy were done among the 1500 people living in a previous leprosy segregation village in Zaire. In 1984 lepromin tests and phenolic glycolipid (PGL) antibody tests were done in a significant part of the population. The prevalence of the disease at that time was 16.1%, the proportion of multibacillary cases was(More)
In 2 non-governmental organization projects in Bangladesh 244 new leprosy patients were classified in the field according to clinical criteria. Skin smears were taken at 4 standardized sites and at the most active peripheral lesion, where a biopsy was also taken. Comparison of the clinical field classification with the results of the skin smears and(More)
In 1981, 1982 and 1983, 216 multibacillary patients in Anjouan (Comores) and Burundi were treated for 8 weeks with daily rifampicin (600 mg) ethionamide (500 mg) and dapsone (100 mg) or clofazimine (100 mg) followed for 44 weeks by once weekly rifampicin (600 mg) and daily ethionamide (500 mg) and dapsone (100 mg) or clofazimine (100 mg). There were 109(More)
BACKGROUND Emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) represents an enormous challenge to Public Health globally. METHODS Progression towards XDR-TB was investigated in Belgium, a country with a typically low TB incidence, by analyzing the magnitude, characteristics, and treatment success of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)(More)
From 1979 to 1999, the ALERT leprosy control programme has covered a well-defined area in central Ethiopia using standardized case finding strategies. During this period, the leprosy prevalence has decreased more than 30-fold, there has been a 3-fold decrease in case detection and a 6-fold decrease in the case detection rate. The proportion of MB patients(More)
A systematic study was performed on the reactions occurring during several short-course therapy regimens for the treatment of paucibacillary and multibacillary patients. Most type 1 upgrading reactions in paucibacillary (PB) leprosy were mild to moderate and of short duration, while the time of onset was extremely variable. Their incidence was higher in the(More)
The cure rates of two treatment regimens in PB leprosy were compared in a prospective randomized trial: treatment U consisting of a single dose of rifampicin 40 mg/K bodyweight, and treatment A of rifampicin 1500 mg in a single dose, followed by one year of daily dapsone 100 mg. In patients with a BI = 0, the cure rates evaluated on the basis of(More)
In a prospective study 559 multibacillary patients in Zaire were treated for 13 weeks with twice weekly rifampicin (600 mg) and daily ethionamide (500 mg) and dapsone (100 mg), 13-RED, or clofazimine (100 mg), 13-REC. The patients were followed for a total of 1418 person years, mean 3.2 years. The incidence of hepatitis was 3.3%. The incidence of relapses(More)