Guido Franzoso

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I kappa B-alpha inhibits transcription factor NF-kappa B by retaining it in the cytoplasm. Various stimuli, typically those associated with stress or pathogens, rapidly inactivate I kappa B-alpha. This liberates NF-kappa B to translocate to the nucleus and initiate transcription of genes important for the defense of the organism. Activation of NF-kappa B(More)
During inflammation, NF-kappaB transcription factors antagonize apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha. This antiapoptotic activity of NF-kappaB involves suppressing the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and controlling the activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) cascade. However, the mechanism(s) by which NF-kappaB(More)
NF-kappaB is a family of related, dimeric transcription factors that are readily activated in cells by signals associated with stress or pathogens. These factors are critical to host defense, as demonstrated previously with mice deficient in individual subunits of NF-kappaB. We have generated mice deficient in both the p50 and p52 subunits of NF-kappaB to(More)
NF-kappaB/Rel transcription factors have recently emerged as crucial regulators of cell survival. Activation of NF-kappaB antagonizes programmed cell death (PCD) induced by tumor necrosis factor-receptors (TNF-Rs) and several other triggers. This prosurvival activity of NF-kappaB participates in a wide range of biological processes, including immunity,(More)
In addition to coordinating immune and inflammatory responses, NF-kappaB/Rel transcription factors control cell survival. Normally, NF-kappaB dimers are sequestered in the cytoplasm by binding to inhibitory IkappaB proteins, and can be activated rapidly by signals that induce the sequential phosphorylation and proteolysis of IkappaBs. Activation of(More)
NF-kappa B/Rel transcription factors control apoptosis, also known as programmed cell death. This control is crucial for oncogenesis, cancer chemo-resistance and for antagonizing tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)-induced killing. With regard to TNFalpha, the anti-apoptotic activity of NF-kappa B involves suppression of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase(More)
Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) transcription factors are evolutionarily conserved, coordinating regulators of immune and inflammatory responses. They also play a pivotal role in oncogenesis and metabolic disorders. Several studies during the past two decades have highlighted the key role of the IKK/NF-κB pathway in the induction and maintenance of the state(More)
The apoptosis-inducing death receptor CD95 (APO-1/Fas) controls the homeostasis of many tissues. Despite its apoptotic potential, most human tumors are refractory to the cytotoxic effects of CD95 ligand. We now show that CD95 stimulation of multiple apoptosis-resistant tumor cells by CD95 ligand induces increased motility and invasiveness, a response much(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are emerging as key effectors in signal transduction. This role of ROS is especially evident in the pathways leading to programmed cell death (PCD) elicited in response to certain stress stimuli and cytokines. In these pathways, cytotoxic ROS signaling appears to be mediated in part by activation of the c-Jun-N-terminal kinase(More)