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Tone thresholds and speech-reception thresholds were measured in 200 individuals (400 ears) with noise-induced hearing loss. The speech-reception thresholds were measured in a quiet condition and in noise with a speech spectrum at levels of 35, 50, 65, and 80 dBA. The tone audiograms could be described by three principal components: hearing loss in the(More)
Adjusting the speech processor of a cochlear implant, per electrode, to the individual's response is a laborious task that may interfere with a user-friendly start of implant-mediated hearing, particularly in children. This research concerns the possibility of processor adjustment based on a profile derived from measurements of the electrically evoked(More)
A model is presented that quantifies the effect of context on speech recognition. In this model, a speech stimulus is considered as a concatenation of a number of equivalent elements (e.g., phonemes constituting a word). The model employs probabilities that individual elements are recognized and chances that missed elements are guessed using contextual(More)
We investigated the key tissues that are implicated in cisplatin ototoxicity within the time window during which degeneration starts. Guinea pigs were treated with cisplatin at a dose of 2 mg/kg/day for either 4, 6, or 8 consecutive days. Histological changes in the organ of Corti, the stria vascularis and the spiral ganglion were quantified at the light(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the present study is to improve the efficiency of the fitting procedure of cochlear implant processors by making use of measurements of the electrically evoked compound actio potential (ECAP) and live-voice speech. DESIGN In a randomised prospective cross-over design we compare speech performance of eighteen adult subjects when(More)
Cisplatin-induced ototoxicity is correlated with functional and morphological changes in the organ of Corti, the stria vascularis and the spiral ganglion. However, the cochlear sites of cisplatin uptake and accumulation have not been properly identified. Therefore, we have developed an immunohistochemical method to, indirectly, detect cisplatin in semithin(More)
Both meaningful (sense) and meaningless (nonsense) syllables of the consonant-vowel-consonant type (CVC syllables) and short sentences consisting of 8 or 9 syllables were presented in quiet and in noise to 20 young subjects with normal hearing and to three groups of 20 subjects each with presbycusis, with Menière's disease and with noise-induced hearing(More)
Cisplatin is one of the most potent antineoplastic drugs presently known, but its therapeutic efficacy is seriously limited by several side effects such as ototoxicity. Several compounds that are known for their nephroprotective effects also seem to reduce the incidence and severity of cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. Hamers et al. (1994) and De Groot et al.(More)