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The available technologies for the abatement of phenol from water and gaseous streams are briefly reviewed, and the recent advancements summarized. Separation technologies such as distillation, liquid-liquid extraction with different solvents, adsorption over activated carbons and polymeric and inorganic adsorbents, membrane pervaporation and(More)
The Russian Academy of Sciences and Federal Space Agency, together with the participation of many international organizations, worked toward the launch of the RadioAstron orbiting space observatory with its onboard 10-m reflector radio telescope from the Baikonur cosmodrome on July 18, 2011. Together with some of the largest ground-based radio telescopes(More)
The effect of pretreatments as well as of rhodium precursor and of the support over the morphology of Rh nanoparticles were investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy of adsorbed CO. Over a Rh/alumina catalyst, both metallic Rh particles, characterized by IR bands in the range 2070-2060 cm-1 and 1820-1850 cm-1, and highly dispersed(More)
Basic catalysis! The basic properties of hydrotalcites (see picture) make them attractive for numerous catalytic applications. Probing the basicity of the catalysts is crucial to understand the base-catalysed processes and to optimise the catalyst preparation. Various parameters can be employed to tune the basic properties of hydrotalcite-based catalysts(More)
The decomposition of hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane (HMCTS) has been studied at room temperature and in the range 473-673 K over the surface of basic (CaO, MgO) and acidic oxides (Al(2)O(3), SiO(2)). Alumina allows the complete removal of HMCTS from synthetic biogases at 673 K. A reactive adsorption occurs with surface silication and release of methane. The(More)
The low temperature adsorption of CO and the room temperature adsorption of propionitrile and ortho-toluonitrile on LiMOR, NaMOR, KMOR and CsMOR zeolites have been investigated by FT-IR spectroscopy. Two different CO species, both most probably located in the main channels coordinated on Na ions at IV and VI sites, have been observed. They are associated to(More)
The interaction of trimethoxysilane (TMS) and of 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS) with silica and silicon wafers has been studied by the mean of transmission FTIR spectroscopy. TMS vapor adsorption on silica's silanols results in the formation of Si-O-Si bonds at room temperature, mainly through the elimination of one methanol molecule per TMS(More)
A good dispersion of silica into elastomers, typically used in tire tread production, is obtained by grafting of the silica with multifunctional organosilanes. In this study, the influence of the chemical structure of a triethoxysilane (TES), octadecyltriethoxysilane (ODTES), and ODTES/bistriethoxysilylpropyltetrasulfane (TESPT) mixture was investigated by(More)
Experiments of propane and propene steam reforming have been performed over a Pd–Cu/c-Al2O3 catalyst and over a Ni/NiAl2O4 catalyst. Over the palladium-based catalyst, the steam reforming of propene is faster and more selective than steam reforming of propane. Over the Pd catalyst, the steam reforming of propane is likely inhibited by site poisoning. In(More)