Guido Baumgartner

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Figures in which human observers perceive "illusory contours" were found to evoke responses in cells of area 18 in the visual cortex of alert monkeys. The cells responded as if the contours were formed by real lines or edges. Modifications that weakened the perception of contours also reduced the neuronal responses. In contrast, cells in area 17 were(More)
1. Receptive field correspondence and binocular interaction were studied in the cat striate cortex using fundus photography for correction of residual eye drifts. 2. The scatter of incongruities (frequently called receptive field disparities) was found to be equal in horizontal and vertical direction (S.D. 0.5 °, N = 96). Incongruity was not correlated with(More)
The rostral interstitial nucleus of the medial longitudinal fasciculus in known to participate in the generation of fast vertical eye movements in the monkey. A cell group homologous to this nucleus has been identified in the human brain. In man the nucleus lies dorsomedial to the anterior pole of the red nucleus, rostral to the interstitial nucleus of(More)
Dynamic random-dot stereograms and correlograms were used to elicit visually evoked brain potentials from human infants, and these potentials were compared with potentials evoked by classical checkerboard pattern reversal. The results indicate that infants begin to produce stereoscopically evoked potentials at the age of 10 to 19 weeks, several weeks after(More)
The treatment of advanced metastatic prostate cancer by hormone manipulation or orchiectomy is frequently followed by the appearance of hormone-insensitive and highly chemoresistant tumor cells. In this study we have investigated the contribution of the P-glycoprotein-mediated drug efflux (multidrug-resistance; MDR) to the cellular resistance of prostate(More)
1. The effect of diuretic therapy on serum lipids and lipoprotein fractions was evaluated in 16 normal or labile hypertensive subjects who received in cross-over fashion chlorthalidone, frusemide or mefruside, each for 4 weeks (group A); and in 13 patients with essential hypertension treated with chlorthalidone for 6 weeks (group B). 2. All three diuretics(More)
Bone metastases strongly affect skeletal metabolism by both their growth and their paracrine activities. However, so far no specific laboratory marker has been found to signal the spread of neoplastic disease to bone. We performed a cross-sectional study of 153 cancer patients and an equal number of healthy controls matched for sex and age, in which we(More)