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The receptor localization of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGlu) 2 and 3 was examined by using in situ hybridization and a well-characterized mGlu2-selective antibody in the rat forebrain. mGlu2 was highly and discretely expressed in cell bodies in almost all of the key regions of the limbic system in the forebrain, including the midline and(More)
Voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) play an essential role in controlling neurotransmitter release, neuronal excitability, and gene expression in the nervous system. The distribution of cells that contain mRNAs encoding the auxiliary alpha2delta-1, alpha2delta-2, and alpha2delta-3 subunits of the VGCCs in the central nervous system (CNS) and the dorsal(More)
The present studies aimed to identify mechanisms contributing to amylin/leptin synergy in reducing body weight and adiposity. We reasoned that if amylin/leptin harnessed complementary neuronal pathways, then in the leptin-sensitive state, amylin should augment leptin signaling/binding and that in the absence of endogenous amylin, leptin signaling should be(More)
The anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) is a nodal point in neural circuits regulating secretion of gonadotropin and contains sexually dimorphic populations of hormonally regulated dopamine-, dynorphin-, and enkephalin-containing neurons. Because the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), prodynorphin (PDYN), and proenkephalin (PENK) genes contain cAMP(More)
The anteroventral periventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (AVPV) is a sexually dimorphic nucleus in the preoptic region that appears to be a nodal point in forebrain circuits, mediating hormonal feedback on gonadotropin secretion. The results of anterograde transport experiments indicate that the AVPV sends ascending projections to the ventral part of(More)
Neurons of the principal nucleus of the bed nuclei of the stria terminalis (BSTp) process pheromonal and viscerosensory stimuli associated with reproduction and relay this information to preoptic and hypothalamic cell groups that regulate reproductive function. The anteroventral periventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (AVPV), a nucleus involved in the(More)
The principal nucleus of the bed nuclei of the stria terminalis (BSTp) is sexually dimorphic and participates in several aspects of reproduction. A detailed analysis of its projections revealed that the BSTp provides major inputs to forebrain regions that are sexually dimorphic and contain high densities of neurons that express receptors for sex steroid(More)
The principal nucleus of the bed nuclei of the stria terminalis (BSTp) is larger in male rats and conveys olfactory information relevant for reproduction to the hypothalamus. In males, the BSTp provides a massive projection to the anteroventral periventricular nucleus of the preoptic region (AVPV), which in contrast to most sexually dimorphic nuclei(More)
Glutamate plays an important role in mediating the positive feedback effects of ovarian steroids on gonadotropin secretion, and the preoptic region of the hypothalamus is a likely site of action of glutamate. The anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) of the preoptic region is an essential part of neural pathways mediating hormonal feedback on(More)
Neural pathways between sexually dimorphic forebrain regions develop under the influence of sex steroid hormones during the perinatal period, but how these hormones specify precise sex-specific patterns of connectivity is unknown. A heterochronic coculture system was used to demonstrate that sex steroid hormones direct development of a sexually dimorphic(More)