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Aptamers, functional nucleic acids, capable of binding a variety of molecular targets with high affinity and specificity, have emerged as promising therapeutic agents. In this study, the cell surface-systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (Cell-SELEX) strategy was used to generate DNA aptamers which targeted to the intact rabies(More)
Rabies is an acute fatal encephalitis disease that affects many warm-blooded mammals. The causative agent of the disease is Rabies virus (RABV). Currently, no approved therapy is available once the clinical signs have appeared. Aptamers, oligonucleotide ligands capable of binding a variety of molecular targets with high affinity and specificity, have(More)
Inflammasomes are cytoplasmic, multiprotein complexes that trigger caspase-1 activation and IL-1β maturation in response to diverse stimuli. Although inflammasomes play important roles in host defense against microbial infection, overactive inflammasomes are deleterious and lead to various autoinflammatory diseases. In the current study, we demonstrated(More)
Rabies is a viral infection of the CNS that is almost always fatal once symptoms occur. No effective treatment of the disease is available and novel antiviral strategies are urgently required. Street rabies viruses are field isolates known to be highly neurotropic. Aptamers are single-stranded oligonucleotides that bind their targets with high affinity and(More)
Rabies is a fatal central nervous system (CNS) disease caused by the neurotropic rabies virus (RABV). The therapeutic management of RABV infections is still problematic, and novel antiviral strategies are urgently required. We established the RVG-BHK-21 cell line, which expresses RABV glycoprotein on the cell surface, to select aptamers. Through 28(More)
The VP2 structural protein of parvovirus can produce virus-like particles (VLPs) by a self-assembly process in vitro, making VLPs attractive vaccine candidates. In this study, the VP2 protein of canine parvovirus (CPV) was expressed using a baculovirus expression system and assembled into parvovirus-like particles in insect cells and pupae. Electron(More)
The capsid structural protein VP2 of canine parvovirus (CPV) can self-assemble into highly organized virus-like particles (VLPs) and retain major immunoreactivity. In this study, different recombinant baculoviruses that expressed varying fusion proteins of the CPV VP2 protein with the T cell determinant and/or the linear virus-neutralizing epitope of rabies(More)
OBJECTIVES Preeclampsia is a serious pregnancy-specific hypertensive syndrome that is characterized by widespread maternal endothelial dysfunction. Previous studies have shown that increased levels of circulating cell-free fetal DNA in women with preeclampsia correspond to the degree of disease severity; however, it is unknown whether this DNA is a key(More)
Infectious agents can reach the placenta either via the maternal blood or by ascending the genito-urinary tract, and then initially colonizing the maternal decidua. Decidual stromal cells (DSCs) are the major cellular component of the decidua. Although DSCs at the maternal-fetal interface contribute to the regulation of immunity in pregnancy in the face of(More)
Inflammasomes are multiprotein complexes that control the production of IL-1β and IL-18. NLRP3 inflammasome, the most characterized inflammasome, plays prominent roles in defense against infection, however aberrant activation is deleterious and leads to diseases. Therefore, its tight control offers therapeutic promise. Liver X receptors (LXRs) have(More)