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Glutathione peroxidase (GPx, EC 1.11.1.9) protects cells against oxidative damage by catalyzing the reduction of hydroperoxides with glutathione (GSH). Several attempts have been made to imitate its function for mechanical study and for its pharmacological development as an antioxidant. By replacing the active site serine 9 with a cysteine and then(More)
To elucidate the relationships between molecular recognition and catalytic ability, we chose three assay systems using three different thiol substrates, glutathione (GSH), 3-carboxyl-4-nitrobenzenethiol (CNBSH), and 4-nitrobenzenethiol (NBSH), to investigate the glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities of 2,2'-ditellurobis(2-deoxy-beta-cyclodextrin) (2-TeCD)(More)
For imitating the active site of antioxidant selenoenzyme glutathione peroxidase (GPx), an artificial enzyme selenosubtilisin was employed as a scaffold for reconstructing substrate glutathione (GSH) specific binding sites by a bioimprinting strategy. GSH was first covalently linked to selenosubtilisin to form a covalent complex GSH-selenosubtilisin through(More)
Substrate binding and the subsequent reaction are the two principal phenomena that underlie the activity of enzymes, and many enzyme-like catalysts were generated based on the phenomena. The single chain variable region fragment of antibody 2F3 (scFv2F3) was elicited against hapten GSH-S-DN2phBu, a conjugate of glutathione (GSH), butyl alcohol, and(More)
Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) is a well-known selenoenzyme that functions as an antioxidant and catalyzes the reduction of harmful peroxide by glutathione and protects cells against oxidative damage. Because many diseases are related to oxidative stress, GPX is an ancient foe of many diseases. Antioxidants are very useful for biological bodies, and(More)
A new strategy for generating abzyme was developed. Glutathione peroxidase (GPX, EC 1.11.1.9) is one of the important members of antioxidation enzyme system; it catalyzes the reductions of a variety of hydroperoxides in presence of glutathione(GSH). We have first prepared the monoclonal antibody (McAb) with GSH binding sites, then incorporated GPX catalytic(More)
As the twenty-first amino acid, selenocysteine can be co-translationally incorporated into the polypeptide chain at UGA codon in the coding region of selenoprotein mRNA. The incorporation of selenocysteine needs a cis-acting element SECIS and four gene products: SelA, SelB, SelC and SelD. The position of SECIS in the mRNA of prokaryote and its structural(More)
We successfully prepared the Se-containing abzyme (Se-abzyme) with glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity and further studied its physicochemical and enzymic properties and stabilities. Data showed that the isoelectric point of the abzyme was 6.95-7.08, and its molecular weight was 158 KD. The ranges of optimum pH and temperature of the Se-abzyme were wider(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and glutathione reductase (GR) play crucial roles in balancing the production and decomposition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in living organisms. These enzymes act cooperatively and synergistically to scavenge ROS, as not one of them can singlehandedly clear all(More)