Gui-hua Jiang

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BACKGROUND Many studies have reported that cognitive deficits exist in cirrhotic patients without overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE). However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these deficits are still not fully understood. AIM To investigate regional activity abnormalities in patients with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis (HBV-RC) without OHE(More)
PURPOSE To identify heroin-related modulations of neural activity in the resting state in heroin-dependent individuals (HDIs) by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and a regional homogeneity method and to investigate whether these changes of neural activity can be related to duration of heroin use and to decision-making deficits(More)
OBJECTIVE Tribbles 3 (TRB3) is associated with insulin resistance, an important trigger in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). We sought to determine whether TRB3 plays a major role in modulating DCM and the mechanisms involved. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The type 2 diabetic rat model was induced by high-fat diet and low-dose(More)
Functional neuroimaging studies have revealed abnormal functional organization of the heroin users' brain, including reward circuit, cognitive control circuit, memory circuit, motivation and salience evaluation circuits and so on. In the current study, we aimed to explore the functional changes in the regional brain of heroin users using the amplitude of(More)
Neurocognitive dysfunction of varying degrees is common in patients with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis (HBV-RC) without overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE). However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these dysfunctions are not well understood. We sought to identify changes in the neural activity of patients with HBV-RC without OHE in the(More)
PURPOSE Chronic exposure to heroin induced cerebral structural abnormalities may underlie heroin-related behaviors. The aim of this study was to: (1) identify cerebral structural abnormalities in heroin-dependent individuals (HDIs) by an automated and unbiased morphometric technique. (2) Define the correlation between these cerebral structural abnormalities(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the association between clinical symptoms and anatomical and functional cerebral deficits in codeine-containing cough syrups (CCS) users using voxel-based morphometry and resting state functional connectivity analysis. METHODS Participants were 30 CCS users and 30 matched controls. Both groups were scanned using a volumetric(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively investigate and detect early cerebral regional homogeneity (ReHo) changes in neurologically asymptomatic patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) using in vivo resting-state functional MR imaging (Rs-fMRI). METHODS We enrolled 20 patients (15 men, 5 women; meanage, 37.1 years; range, 19-49 years) with ESRD and 20 healthy(More)
Models of heroin addiction emphasize the role of disrupted frontostriatal circuitry supporting cognitive control processes. However, heroin addiction-related alterations in functional and structural interactions among brain regions, especially between the cerebral hemispheres, are rarely examined directly. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging(More)
The fundamental mechanisms that underlie platelet activation in atherothrombosis are still obscure. Oxidative stress is involved in central features of atherosclerosis. Platelet-derived microvesicles (PMVs) could be important mediators between oxidative stress and platelet activation. CD36 could be a receptor of PMVs, thus generating a PMV-CD36 complex. We(More)