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There is accumulating evidence of altered antioxidant enzyme activities and increased levels of lipid peroxidation in schizophrenia. Free radical-mediated abnormalities may contribute to specific aspects of schizophrenic symptomatology and complications of its treatment. However, few studies have evaluated both antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in(More)
Cytokines have been one of the recent focal points of immunological research in schizophrenia. The present study was to assess the serum levels of some of interleukins in schizophrenia and their relationships with the psychopathological parameters. Seventy physically healthy Chinese patients, who met DSM-III-R criteria for schizophrenia and who were(More)
The bilateral communication between the immune and neuroendocrine systems plays an essential role in modulating the adequate response of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis to the stimulatory influence of cytokines and stress-related mediators. Growing evidence suggests that neuro-immune-endocrine crosstalk may be impaired in schizophrenia. We(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that central brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) modulates food intake, metabolism, and increases in body weight. Reports have also shown that serum BDNF is altered in schizophrenic patients treated with antipsychotics. This study aimed to determine if there was a relationship between BDNF and antipsychotic-induced(More)
Free radicals may be involved in the pathogenesis of tardive dyskinesia (TD). Superoxide dismutase (SOD), a critical enzyme in the detoxification of superoxide radicals, was found to be abnormal in TD. To examine the blood SOD levels in schizophrenic patients with and without TD, and the relationships between SOD levels and tardive dyskinesia symptoms in TD(More)
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) A is a critical enzyme in the catabolism of dopamine. Dysfunction of dopaminergic systems has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, suggesting that MAOA gene variation might be associated with the disorder. MAOA gene variation was compared between 234 Chinese schizophrenic patients and 121 healthy controls. Three(More)
To investigate the effects of Ginko biloba extract (EGb) administration on T lymphocyte subsets and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in schizophrenia. One hundred and nine schizophrenic inpatients were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of treatment with 360 mg/day of EGb plus a stable dose of 0.25 mg kg−1 day−1 of haloperidol and placebo plus the same dose of(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have indicated that immune cytokines may be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Recently, there have been reports that typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs may influence the levels of cytokines or cytokine receptors. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs on serum(More)
Recent evidence suggests that centrally released brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) modulates eating behavior and metabolism that is responsible for body weight fluctuation. BDNF also may play an important role in the therapeutic action of antipsychotic medications. We investigated whether the Val66Met polymorphism of the BDNF gene affected weight(More)