This study is to investigate the effect which capital structure has had on corporate performance using a panel data sample representing of 167 Jordanian companies during 1989-2003. Our results showedâ€¦ (More)

Let A be a nonsingular M -matrix, and Ï„(A) denote its minimum eigenvalue. Shivakumar et al. [SIAM J. Matrix Anal. Appl., 17(2):298-312, 1996] presented some bounds of Ï„(A) when A is a weakly chainedâ€¦ (More)

This study contributes to the recent debate on immigration and unemployment in Australia by investigating the causal linkage between immigration and unemployment. The question of whether `immigrantsâ€¦ (More)

Given a matrix family, it is interesting to know whether some important properties or structures of the class of matrices are inherited by their submatrices or by the matrices associated with theâ€¦ (More)

Let A be a nonsingular M -matrix, and Ï„(A) denote its minimum eigenvalue. Shivakumar et al. [SIAM J. Matrix Anal. Appl., 17(2):298-312, 1996] presented some bounds of Ï„(A) when A is a weakly chainedâ€¦ (More)