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Heart failure (HF) produces important alterations in currents underlying cardiac repolarization, but the transmural distribution of such changes is unknown. We therefore recorded action potentials and ionic currents in cells isolated from the endocardium, midmyocardium, and epicardium of the left ventricle from dogs with and without tachypacing-induced HF.(More)
Limited information is available about transmural heterogeneity in cardiac electrophysiology in man. The present study was designed to evaluate heterogeneity of cardiac action potential (AP), transient outward K+ current (Ito1) and inwardly rectifying K+ current (IK1) in human right ventricle. AP and membrane currents were recorded using whole cell current-(More)
1. Depolarizing pulses positive to 0 mV elicit a transient outward current (Ito) and a sustained 'pedestal' current in canine atrial myocytes. The pedestal current was highly sensitive to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and TEA, with 50% inhibitory concentrations (EC50) of 5.3 +/- 0.7 and 307 +/- 25 microM, respectively. When the pedestal current was separated from(More)
The threshold potential for the classical depolarization-activated transient outward K+ current and Cl- current is positive to -30 mV. With the whole cell patch technique, a transient outward current was elicited in the presence of 5 mM 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and 5 microM ryanodine at voltages positive to the K+ equilibrium potential in canine ventricular(More)
Gd(3+) blocks stretch-activated channels and suppresses stretch-induced arrhythmias. We used whole cell voltage clamp to examine whether effects on Na(+) channels might contribute to the antiarrhythmic efficacy of Gd(3+). Gd(3+) inhibited Na(+) current (I(Na)) in rabbit ventricle (IC(50) = 48 microM at -35 mV, holding potential -120 mV), and block increased(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is upregulated in cardiac tissue under various pathophysiological conditions, particularly in septic shock. The intracellular mechanisms involved in the effect of ADM on adult rat ventricular myocytes are still to be elucidated. Ventricular myocytes were isolated from adult rats 4 h after an intraperitoneal injection of(More)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are used as a cell source for cardiomyoplasty; however, the cellular electrophysiological properties are not fully understood. The present study was to investigate the functional ionic channels in undifferentiated mouse bone marrow MSCs using whole cell patch-voltage clamp technique, RT-PCR, and Western(More)
OBJECTIVES The slow component of the delayed rectifier K+ current (IKs) is believed to be important in cardiac repolarization, and may be a potential target for antiarrhythmic drugs, but its study has been limited by a lack of specific blockers. The chromanol derivate 293B blocks currents expressed by minK and not HERG in Xenopus oocytes, but little is(More)
To determine whether protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) modulates volume-sensitive chloride current (I(Cl.vol)) in human atrial myocytes and to identify the PTKs involved, we studied the effects of broad-spectrum and selective PTK inhibitors and the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) inhibitor orthovanadate (VO(4)(-3)). I(Cl.vol) evoked by hyposmotic bath(More)
A novel transient outward K(+) current that exhibits inward-going rectification (I(to.ir)) was identified in guinea pig atrial and ventricular myocytes. I(to.ir) was insensitive to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) but was blocked by 200 micromol/l Ba(2+) or removal of external K(+). The zero current potential shifted 51-53 mV/decade change in external K(+). I(to.ir)(More)