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This study characterized functional ion channels in cultured undifferentiated human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) from bone marrow with whole-cell patch clamp and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) techniques. Three types of outward currents were found in hMSCs, including a noise-like rapidly activating outward current inhibited by(More)
Heart failure (HF) produces important alterations in currents underlying cardiac repolarization, but the transmural distribution of such changes is unknown. We therefore recorded action potentials and ionic currents in cells isolated from the endocardium, midmyocardium, and epicardium of the left ventricle from dogs with and without tachypacing-induced HF.(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to determine whether ionic currents in right ventricular myocytes from explanted human transplant recipient hearts are related to right ventricular histopathology and function. BACKGROUND Cardiac action potential duration (APD) is prolonged in ventricular tissues/cells from patients with heart failure, but the ionic(More)
The present study was designed to investigate properties of ion channels in undifferentiated rabbit mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow using whole-cell patch-clamp and RT-PCR techniques. It was found that three types of outward currents were present in rabbit MSCs, including an inward rectifier K(+) current (I(Kir)), a noise-like(More)
BACKGROUND Although fibroblast-to-myocyte electrical coupling is experimentally suggested, electrophysiology of cardiac fibroblasts is not as well established as contractile cardiac myocytes. The present study was therefore designed to characterize ion channels in cultured human cardiac fibroblasts. METHODS AND FINDINGS A whole-cell patch voltage clamp(More)
Pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) possess promising potential for cell-based therapies, but their electrophysiological properties have not been characterized. Here we describe the presence of ionic currents in mouse (m) and human (h) ESCs and their physiological function. In mESCs, tetraethylammonium (TEA)-sensitive depolarization-activated delayed(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow are believed to be an ideal cell source for cardiomyoplasty; however, cellular electrophysiology is not understood. The present study was designed to investigate ion channels in undifferentiated rat MSCs. It was found that three types of outward currents were present in rat MSCs, including a small portion of(More)
Cellular electrophysiology is not fully understood in the atrium of pig heart. The objective of the present study was to determine whether transient outward current (I(to)), ultra-rapid delayed rectifier potassium current (I(Kur)), and rapid and slow delayed rectifier K(+) currents (I(Kr) and I(Ks)) were present in pig atrium. The whole-cell patch technique(More)
Bioelectrical signals generated by ion channels play crucial roles in excitation genesis and impulse conduction in excitable cells as well as in cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis in proliferative cells. Recent studies have demonstrated that multiple ion channels are heterogeneously present in different stem cells; however, patterns and phenotypes(More)
OBJECTIVE It is unknown whether 4-aminopyridine- (4-AP-) sensitive transient outward K(+) current (I(to1)) and/or Ca(2+)-activated transient outward Cl(-) current (I(Ca.Cl) or I(to2)) contribute(s) to phase 1 repolarization of pig ventricular action potential (AP). The purpose of the present study was to determine ionic contribution of the phase 1(More)