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Heart failure (HF) produces important alterations in currents underlying cardiac repolarization, but the transmural distribution of such changes is unknown. We therefore recorded action potentials and ionic currents in cells isolated from the endocardium, midmyocardium, and epicardium of the left ventricle from dogs with and without tachypacing-induced HF.(More)
Limited information is available about transmural heterogeneity in cardiac electrophysiology in man. The present study was designed to evaluate heterogeneity of cardiac action potential (AP), transient outward K+ current (Ito1) and inwardly rectifying K+ current (IK1) in human right ventricle. AP and membrane currents were recorded using whole cell current-(More)
The threshold potential for the classical depolarization-activated transient outward K+ current and Cl- current is positive to -30 mV. With the whole cell patch technique, a transient outward current was elicited in the presence of 5 mM 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and 5 microM ryanodine at voltages positive to the K+ equilibrium potential in canine ventricular(More)
1. Depolarizing pulses positive to 0 mV elicit a transient outward current (Ito) and a sustained 'pedestal' current in canine atrial myocytes. The pedestal current was highly sensitive to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and TEA, with 50% inhibitory concentrations (EC50) of 5.3 +/- 0.7 and 307 +/- 25 microM, respectively. When the pedestal current was separated from(More)
Gd(3+) blocks stretch-activated channels and suppresses stretch-induced arrhythmias. We used whole cell voltage clamp to examine whether effects on Na(+) channels might contribute to the antiarrhythmic efficacy of Gd(3+). Gd(3+) inhibited Na(+) current (I(Na)) in rabbit ventricle (IC(50) = 48 microM at -35 mV, holding potential -120 mV), and block increased(More)
To determine whether protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) modulates volume-sensitive chloride current (I(Cl.vol)) in human atrial myocytes and to identify the PTKs involved, we studied the effects of broad-spectrum and selective PTK inhibitors and the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) inhibitor orthovanadate (VO(4)(-3)). I(Cl.vol) evoked by hyposmotic bath(More)
A novel transient outward K(+) current that exhibits inward-going rectification (I(to.ir)) was identified in guinea pig atrial and ventricular myocytes. I(to.ir) was insensitive to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) but was blocked by 200 micromol/l Ba(2+) or removal of external K(+). The zero current potential shifted 51-53 mV/decade change in external K(+). I(to.ir)(More)
BACKGROUND Although fibroblast-to-myocyte electrical coupling is experimentally suggested, electrophysiology of cardiac fibroblasts is not as well established as contractile cardiac myocytes. The present study was therefore designed to characterize ion channels in cultured human cardiac fibroblasts. METHODS AND FINDINGS A whole-cell patch voltage clamp(More)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising cell source for regenerative medicine; however, their cellular physiology is not fully understood. The present study aimed at exploring the potential roles of the two dominant functional ion channels, intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium (IK(Ca)) and volume-sensitive chloride(More)
BAPTA-AM is a well-known membrane permeable Ca(2+) chelator. The present study found that BAPTA-AM rapidly and reversibly suppressed human ether a-go-go-related gene (hERG or Kv11.1) K(+) current, human Kv1.3 and human Kv1.5 channel currents stably expressed in HEK 293 cells, and the effects were not related to Ca(2+) chelation. The externally applied(More)