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In this study, we demonstrate that tumor-derived exosome-loaded dendritic cells can elicit a specific CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) response against autologous tumor cells in patients with malignant glioma. Exosomes were purified by ultrafiltration centrifugation and sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation. Exosomes had antigen-presenting molecules (MHC-I,(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe the effect of puerarin on the learning-memory disorder after global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats, and to explore its mechanism of action. METHODS The global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model was established using the modifified Pulsinelli four-vessel occlusion in Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were(More)
Immature dendritic cell-derived exosomes (iMDEX) display a certain degree of immunosuppressive activity in autoimmune diseases. However, the role of iMDEX in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) is still unclear. Therefore, we tested the effects of mouse bone marrow (BM)-derived iMDEX on tolerance induction in a mouse model of EAMG. In this(More)
Neuroinflammation plays a role in the pathology of epilepsy and in cognitive impairment. Angiotensin II (AII) and the angiotensin receptor type 1 (AT1) have been shown to regulate seizure susceptibility in different models of epilepsy. Inhibition of AT1 attenuates neuroinflammatory responses in different neurological diseases. In the present study, we(More)
In this study, a rat vascular dementia model was established by permanent bilateral common carotid arterial occlusion. Rats were intraperitoneally injected with puerarin 3 days before modeling, for 45 successive days. Results demonstrated that in treated animals hippocampal structures were clear, nerve cells arranged neatly, and cytoplasm was rich in Nissl(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the changes of p38MAPK expression in a rat model of Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS Seventy-two adult SD rats were randomized equally into 4 groups, and a single-dose injection of Abeta25-35 (dementia group), normal saline (saline group), SB203580 (inhibitor group), or DMSO (inhibitor control group) was administered into the(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with exosomes can stimulate efficient cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses and anti-tumor immunity. However, the quantity of DC-derived exosomes (DCex) obtained from various culture systems is very low, which is a significant practical issue hampering progress in this research area and needs to be addressed. Gliomas were(More)
Oxidative damage is an important mediator of Alzheimer’s disease (AD); hence, antioxidant therapy is a potential treatment for AD. Edaravone, a free radical scavenger, has been shown to have neuroprotective properties. The study aimed to examine the effects of edaravone on indicators of Aβ25-35-induced oxidative damage in PC12 cells. PC12 cells were treated(More)
Chaperone-rich cell lysates (CRCLs) may play an important role in the development of anti-tumor vaccines. Tumor-derived CRCLs have been reported to activate dendritic cells (DCs) to elicit potent anti-tumor activity. However, the role of DC-derived exosomes (DEXs) secreted from DCs loaded with CRCLs in the treatment of tumors has not been clearly(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on the activities of antioxidant enzymes, namely catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in the brain tissues of aged rats. METHODS Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, aging model, and recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) treatment groups (n=10). Morris water maze(More)