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Our aim was to describe socio-economic and behavioural factors related to caries experience in school children in Sassari, Sardinia (Italy). Four hundred and three 12-year-old schoolchildren were randomly selected and their teeth clinically examined after air drying, under standard light using a plain mirror and WHO community periodontal index for treatment(More)
The effect of Stevia extracts on in vitro Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation and in vivo plaque pH was evaluated in this paper. Three 10% solutions containing stevioside, rebaudioside A or sucrose were prepared. MTT assay was used to evaluate microbiological counts in vitro. Twenty volunteers rinsed for 1 min with each solutions, and plaque pH was(More)
BACKGROUND Periodontitis is often associated with diabetes and might be considered one of the chronic complications of diabetes mellitus, both in Type 1 (T1DM) and Type 2 (T2DM). This case-control study was designed to evaluate the possible association between non-insulin-dependent diabetes (T2DM) and clinical and microbiological periodontal disease among(More)
This prospective study was carried out to evaluate the morbidity and complication rate of invasive urodynamics of the lower urinary tract after receiving oral antibiotic prophylactic treatment. A total of 105 patients, 55 men and 50 women, were included in the study and underwent pressure flow study (PFS) as part of the diagnostic assessment. Clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE The exact prevalence of oral lesions in childhood is not well known. We sought to define the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in a large group of children. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed using clinical charts from January 1997 to December 2007. Data collected included age, gender, and pathologic diagnosis. (More)
No recent data on the experience of caries among Italian 12-year-olds are available. In 2004, an epidemiological survey called 'National Pathfinder among Children's Oral Health in Italy' was promoted and carried out. This study reports the actual oral health status of Italian 12-year-olds according to gender, residence area and geographical distribution.(More)
Methyl mercury (MeHg) and metallic Hg are well known as neurotoxic agents. Dental amalgam contributes significantly to elemental Hg vapour exposure in the general population. There is little information about Hg concentration in human amniotic fluid (AF) of pregnant women and its potential toxic effect on the fetuses. Primary to assess the relationship(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Traditionally, tobacco is considered as part of the military culture. A cross-sectional survey was designed to clarify if smoking habit increases the caries risk in a sample of Italian adults attending a Military Academy. METHODS Clinical examinations including dental caries and presence of bleeding at probing were carried out following(More)
A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed to validate the hypothesis that the use of lozenges containing Lactobacillus brevis CD2 (Inersan®, CD Investments srl) may reduce plaque pH, salivary mutans streptococci (ms) and bleeding on probing, during a 6-week period, in a sample of high caries risk schoolchildren. A total of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the caries risk following 6 weeks' use of 5000 ppm F toothpaste using 'Cariogram' software. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 34 participants, 17 mothers and their teenage children, were enrolled in a 6-week clinical trial in which they were given 5000 ppm F toothpaste. They were followed consecutively for 6 weeks with visits that were(More)