Guenther Staffler

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CD147 is a broadly expressed cell surface glycoprotein of the Ig superfamily whose expression is up-regulated upon T cell activation. In order to elucidate a possible role of CD147 in T cell biology, we established 15 specific mAb. Seven distinct epitopes were defined by the mAb panel. Most of the mAb bound only to phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-activated but not(More)
CDw92 is a 70-kDa surface protein broadly expressed on leukocytes and endothelial cells. In this manuscript, we present the molecular cloning of the CDw92 molecule by using a highly efficient retroviral expression cloning system. Sequence analysis of the CDw92 cDNA revealed a length of 2679 bp. The 1959-bp open reading frame encodes a protein of 652 amino(More)
The plasma membrane is compartmentalized into microdomains and the association/dissociation of receptors and signaling molecules with/from these membrane domains is a major principle for regulation of signal transduction. By following the reorganization of microdomains on living cells and performing biochemical studies, we show that Ab targeting of the T(More)
CD31 is a member of the Ig superfamily expressed on various cell types of the vasculature, including a certain subpopulation of T lymphocytes. Previous reports suggest that interaction of CD31 with its heterophilic ligand on T cells (T cell CD31 ligand) plays a regulatory role in T lymphocyte activation. Here we demonstrate that a soluble(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and particularly the metabolic syndrome, which is often associated with obesity, combine a major risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Emerging evidence indicate obesity-associated subclinical inflammation primarily originating from adipose tissue as a common cause for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, a(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease characterized by neuronal loss due to amyloid beta aggregations, neurofibrillary tangles, and prominent neuroinflammation. Recently, interference with neuroinflammation as a new therapeutic approach for AD treatment gained great interest. Microglia cells, one of the major contributors in(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic syndrome is becoming increasingly prevalent in the general population that is at simultaneous risk for both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The critical pathogenic mechanisms underlying these diseases are obesity-driven insulin resistance and atherosclerosis, respectively. To obtain a better understanding of molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) hypercholesterolemia, and its associated cardiovascular diseases, are some of the leading causes of death worldwide. The ability of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) to modulate circulating LDL cholesterol (LDLc) concentrations made it a very attractive target for LDLc management. To date, the most(More)
Osteopontin (OPN), a secreted protein involved in inflammatory processes and cancer, induces cell adhesion, migration, and activation of inflammatory pathways in various cell types. Cells bind OPN via integrins at a canonical RGD region in the full length form as well as to a contiguous cryptic site that some have shown is unmasked upon thrombin or matrix(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent findings point towards an important role of local macrophage proliferation also in obesity-induced adipose tissue inflammation that underlies insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Osteopontin (OPN) is an inflammatory cytokine highly upregulated in adipose tissue (AT) of obese and has repeatedly been shown to be functionally involved in(More)
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