Guenther Staffler

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The plasma membrane is compartmentalized into microdomains and the association/dissociation of receptors and signaling molecules with/from these membrane domains is a major principle for regulation of signal transduction. By following the reorganization of microdomains on living cells and performing biochemical studies, we show that Ab targeting of the T(More)
CD147 is a broadly expressed cell surface glycoprotein of the Ig superfamily whose expression is up-regulated upon T cell activation. In order to elucidate a possible role of CD147 in T cell biology, we established 15 specific mAb. Seven distinct epitopes were defined by the mAb panel. Most of the mAb bound only to phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-activated but not(More)
Human CD1 form a group of nonpolymorphic leukocyte surface molecules with homology to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins. Recent findings in human and in mouse demonstrate the capacity of CD1 molecules to present nonpeptide components like lipids or lipoglycans as well as peptides. We studied the involvement of beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m) in(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and particularly the metabolic syndrome, which is often associated with obesity, combine a major risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Emerging evidence indicate obesity-associated subclinical inflammation primarily originating from adipose tissue as a common cause for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, a(More)
BACKGROUND Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) hypercholesterolemia, and its associated cardiovascular diseases, are some of the leading causes of death worldwide. The ability of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) to modulate circulating LDL cholesterol (LDLc) concentrations made it a very attractive target for LDLc management. To date, the most(More)
Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein (THP) is expressed exclusively in the kidney and constitutes the most abundant protein in mammalian urine. A critical role for THP in antibacterial host defense and inflammatory disorders of the urogenital tract has been suggested. We demonstrate that THP activates myeloid DCs via Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) to acquire a fully(More)
CDw92 is a 70-kDa surface protein broadly expressed on leukocytes and endothelial cells. In this manuscript, we present the molecular cloning of the CDw92 molecule by using a highly efficient retroviral expression cloning system. Sequence analysis of the CDw92 cDNA revealed a length of 2679 bp. The 1959-bp open reading frame encodes a protein of 652 amino(More)
CD93 is a approximately 120 kDa O-sialoglycoprotein that within the hematopoietic system is selectively expressed on cells of the myeloid lineage. So far, its primary structure and function were unknown. We used retroviral-expression cloning to isolate the CD93 cDNA. Sequence analysis revealed that CD93 is identical to a protein on human phagocytes termed(More)
Cellular adherens junctions are formed by cadherins linked to proteins of the catenin family. In endothelial cells, not only vascular endothelial cadherin but also platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 localizes into junctions and associates with beta-catenin. To explore a putative cooperation of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 and(More)
beta(2)-Microglobulin (beta(2)m)-associated human CD1b proteins present lipid and glycolipid antigens, which are loaded on CD1b in endosomal compartments. In contrast, the related MHC class I molecules acquire antigenic peptides in the endoplasmic reticulum. Here, we investigated the biogenesis of CD1b before beta(2)m binding in comparison to MHC class I.(More)