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An alanyl-alanyl-phenylalanyl-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin-hydrolyzing protease particle copurifying with 26S proteasomes was isolated and identified as tripeptidyl peptidase II (TPPII), a cytosolic subtilisin-like peptidase of unknown function. The particle is larger than the 26S proteasome and has a rod-shaped, dynamic supramolecular structure. TPPII exhibits(More)
The GroEL/GroES chaperonin system mediates the folding of a range of newly synthesized polypeptides in the bacterial cytosol. Using a rapid biotin-streptavidin-based inhibition of chaperonin function, we show that the cage formed by GroEL and its cofactor GroES can have a dual role in promoting folding. First, enclosure of nonnative protein in the(More)
The particular structural arrangement of chaperonins probably contributes to their ability to assist in the folding of proteins. The interaction of the oligomeric bacterial chaperonin GroEL and its cochaperonin, GroES, in the presence of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) forms an asymmetric complex. However, in the presence of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) or its(More)
The Escherichia coli chaperonin GroEL and its regulator GroES are thought to mediate adenosine triphosphate-dependent protein folding as an asymmetrical complex, with substrate protein bound within the GroEL cylinder. In contrast, a symmetrical complex formed between one GroEL and two GroES oligomers, with substrate protein binding to the outer surface of(More)
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