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Authors/Task Force members: Stephan Windecker* (ESC Chairperson) (Switzerland), Philippe Kolh* (EACTS Chairperson) (Belgium), Fernando Alfonso (Spain), Jean-Philippe Collet (France), Jochen Cremer (Germany), Volkmar Falk (Switzerland), Gerasimos Filippatos (Greece), Christian Hamm (Germany), Stuart J. Head (The Netherlands), Peter Jüni (Switzerland), A.(More)
BACKGROUND Acute right ventricular failure after heart transplantation is a life-threatening condition, and sometimes the use of mechanical circulatory support is inevitable. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the effectiveness of two different mechanical circulatory support systems for this indication. METHODS From 1984 to 2003, 28(More)
OBJECTIVE Although cadmium (Cd) is an important and common environmental pollutant and has been linked to cardiovascular diseases, little is known about its effects in initial stages of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS In the 195 young healthy women of the Atherosclerosis Risk Factors in Female Youngsters (ARFY) study, cadmium (Cd) level was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate mortality and neurological outcomes of cardioembolic cerebral stroke in infective endocarditis (IE) patients requiring cardiac surgery. METHODS A consecutive series of 214 patients undergoing cardiac surgery for IE was followed up for 20 years. In 65 patients (mean age, 52 years), IE was(More)
OBJECTIVES A new class of rapid-deployment aortic valves has emerged with the potential to simplify minimally invasive aortic surgery and reduce crossclamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times. We report the 1-year clinical outcomes of aortic valve replacement with the EDWARDS INTUITY Valve System (Edwards Lifesciences LLC, Irvine, Calif) in the Surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Cadmium is a potential new risk factor for early atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases in humans, yet pathogenetic mechanisms are still a matter of debate. METHODS AND RESULTS In-depth histological analysis of 18 sections taken from 6 cadmium-fed ApoE-/- mice and 12 sections from 5 litter-mates not exposed to cadmium by light and scanning(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with cardiogenic shock can be stabilized by percutaneous implantation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). If weaning from ECMO is impossible, the implantation of a ventricular assist device (VAD) is required. Patients either go for recovery of myocardial function (bridge to recovery) or for heart transplantation (bridge to(More)
OBJECTIVE Use of epiaortic scanning in coronary surgery is still a matter of debate. It is unclear whether the findings obtained by epiaortic scanning lead to effective changes in surgical technique that may reduce stroke rates. METHODS Epiaortic scanning was performed in 352 patients undergoing primary coronary artery bypass grafting before opening the(More)
OBJECTIVES To prove whether intramyocardial transplantation of combined skeletal myoblasts (SM) and mononuclear bone marrow stem cells is superior to the isolated transplantation of these cell types after myocardial infarction in rats. METHODS In 67 male Fischer rats myocardial infarction was induced by direct ligature of the LAD. Seven days(More)
OBJECTIVES Hybrid coronary revascularization procedures apply minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease. For logistic reasons simultaneous procedures would be desirable. In a pilot study the feasibility of simultaneous robotic totally endoscopic(More)