Guenther Bernhardt

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Paclitaxel concentrations in the brain are very low after intravenous injection. Since paclitaxel is excluded from some tumors by p-glycoprotein (p-gp), the same mechanism may prevent entry into the brain. In vitro, paclitaxel transport was examined in capillaries from rat brains by confocal microscopy using BODIPY Fl-paclitaxel. Western blots and(More)
The efflux pumps ABCB1 (p-gp, MDR1) and ABCG2 (BCRP) are expressed to a high extent by endothelial cells at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and other barrier tissues and are involved in drug resistance of tumor (stem) cells. Whereas numerous ABCB1 inhibitors are known, only a few ABCG2 modulators with submicromolar activity have been published. Starting from(More)
Previously, we studied the effect of co-administration of paclitaxel with the second generation ABCB1 (p-gp) modulator valspodar on the intracerebral growth of human U118-MG glioblastoma in nude mice. Valspodar significantly increased the brain levels of paclitaxel by inhibition of p-gp expressed at the blood brain barrier. Thus, the tumour burden was(More)
In this paper we describe the microcomputer-aided determination of cell proliferation kinetics and doubling times utilizing a crystal violet assay and a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay in microtitration plates. The analysis of spectrophotometric data provides the doubling times at any time of incubation. Plots of(More)
Bivalent histamine H(2) receptor (H(2)R) agonists were synthesized by connecting pharmacophoric 3-(2-amino-4-methylthiazol-5-yl)-, 3-(2-aminothiazol-5-yl)-, 3-(imidazol-4-yl)-, or 3-(1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)propylguanidine moieties by N(G)-acylation with alkanedioic acids of various chain lengths. The compounds were investigated for H(2)R agonism in GTPase and(More)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and PDGF receptors (PDGFRs) in the proliferation of human glioblastoma cells as a prerequisite for a new therapeutic approach to the treatment of malignant brain tumors with selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as imatinib. Methods and results: In the(More)
The Morgan-Elson reaction, a method for the determination of hyaluronidase activity, was optimized for the quantitation of the enzyme in biological material. Based on HPLC and spectrometric (UV-Vis, LC-MS) studies, the structure of the red-colored product (mesomeric forms of N3-protonated 3-acetylimino-2-(4-dimethylaminophenyl)methylidene-5-(1,2-++(More)
Hyaluronidases are enzymes that degrade hyaluronan, an important component of the extracellular matrix. The mammalian hyaluronidases are considered to be involved in many (patho)physiological processes like fertilization, tumor growth, and metastasis. Bacterial hyaluronidases, also termed hyaluronate lyases, contribute to the spreading of microorganisms in(More)
The establishment of two new breast cancer cell lines, MXT+ and MXT-, derived from the murine breast cancer models MXT-M-3,2 MC (hormone-sensitive) and MXT-M-3,2 (ovex) MC (hormone-insensitive), is described. Characterization of the cell lines was performed by investigation of morphology, steroid hormone receptor state, growth kinetics, and drug response as(More)
The investigation of the (patho)physiological role of the histamine H4 receptor (H4R) and its validation as a possible drug target in translational animal models are compromised by distinct species-dependent discrepancies regarding potencies and receptor subtype selectivities of the pharmacological tools. Such differences were extremely pronounced in case(More)