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A complementary DNA encoding a voltage-gated chloride channel from Torpedo marmorata electric organ was cloned by expressing hybrid-depleted messenger RNA in Xenopus oocytes. The predicted protein has a sequence of 805 amino acids containing several putative membrane-spanning domains. Expression of the protein in Xenopus oocytes shows that it is sufficient(More)
Gephyrin is a multifunctional protein contributing to molybdenum cofactor (Moco) synthesis and postsynaptic clustering of glycine and GABA(A) receptors. It contains three major functional domains (G-C-E) and forms cytosolic aggregates and postsynaptic clusters by unknown mechanisms. Here, structural determinants of gephyrin aggregation and clustering were(More)
The circadian clock is a timekeeping mechanism that enables anticipation of daily environmental changes. In the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, the circadian system is a multiloop series of interlocked transcription-translation feedbacks. Several genes have been arranged in these oscillation loops, but the position of the core-clock gene ELF4 in this network(More)
The multimeric scaffolding protein gephyrin forms post-synaptic clusters at inhibitory sites, thereby anchoring inhibitory glycine (GlyR) and subsets of γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors. Gephyrin is composed of three domains, the conserved N-terminal G- and C-terminal E-domain, connected by the central (C-) domain. In this study we investigated(More)
We have investigated detection thresholds for a foveal blue test light using a Maxwellian view system in 61 normal subjects, 19 patients with Huntington's chorea, 14 patients with Tourette's syndrome, and 20 patients with schizophrenia. Ten measurements were made: The blue test light (1 degree diameter, 500 msec duration) was presented either superimposed(More)
Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) were recorded in 20 subjects with brain death (mean age, 33.2 +/- 15.1 years) and 20 healthy volunteers (mean age, 29.8 +/- 6.8 years). Brain death was due to head injury (n = 14), encephalitis (n = 3), brain-stem hemorrhage (n = 1), cerebellar hemorrhage (n = 1) or cerebral infarction (n = 1). The presence,(More)
Gephyrin, the principal scaffolding protein at inhibitory synapses, is essential for postsynaptic clustering of glycine and GABA type A receptors (GABA(A)Rs). Gephyrin cluster formation, which determines the strength of GABAergic transmission, is modulated by interaction with signaling proteins and post-translational modifications. Here, we show that(More)
GABAergic transmission is essential to brain function, and a large repertoire of GABA type A receptor (GABA(A) R) subunits is at a neuron's disposition to serve this function. The glycine receptor (GlyR)-associated protein gephyrin has been shown to be essential for the clustering of a subset of GABA(A) R. Despite recent progress in the field of(More)
Postsynaptic scaffolding proteins regulate coordinated neurotransmission by anchoring and clustering receptors and adhesion molecules. Gephyrin is the major instructive molecule at inhibitory synapses, where it clusters glycine as well as major subsets of GABA type A receptors (GABAARs). Here, we identified palmitoylation of gephyrin as an important(More)
A multifunctional system for combined evaluation of EEG, visual (VEP), somatosensory (SEP) and auditory brainstem evoked potentials (BAEP) is introduced. For the light stimulation an array of light emitting diodes are used for tactile stimulation a vibration stimulus is applied to he distal digit of one finger. Stimulus-synchronous EEG segments are used for(More)