Guenter Schultz

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Eukaryotic cells respond to many hormones and neurotransmitters with increased activity of the enzyme phospholipase C and a subsequent rise in the concentration of intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i). The increase in [Ca2+]i occurs as a result of the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores and an influx of Ca2+ through the plasma membrane; this influx of(More)
Hormones, neurotransmitters, and growth factors give rise to calcium entry via receptor-activated cation channels that are activated downstream of phospholipase C activity. Members of the transient receptor potential channel (TRPC) family have been characterized as molecular substrates mediating receptor-activated cation influx. TRPC channels are assumed to(More)
Mammalian transient receptor potential channels (TRPCs) form a family of Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels currently consisting of seven members, TRPC1-TRPC7. These channels have been proposed to be molecular correlates for capacitative Ca(2+) entry channels. There are only a few studies on the regulation and properties of the subfamily consisting of TRPC4(More)
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (D.E.C.); Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, California (D.J.); Department of Biological Chemistry, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore Maryland (C.M.); and Institut für Pharmakologie,(More)
Ca2+-permeable channels that are involved in the responses of mammalian cells to changes in extracellular osmolarity have not been characterized at the molecular level. Here we identify a new TRP (transient receptor potential)-like channel protein, OTRPC4, that is expressed at high levels in the kidney, liver and heart. OTRPC4 forms Ca2+-permeable,(More)
It took at least a decade to realize that the toxic gas NO is the physiological activator of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), thereby acting as a signaling molecule in the nervous and cardiovascular systems. Despite its rather poor sGC-activating property, CO has also been implicated as a physiological stimulator of sGC in neurotransmission and(More)
The TRP superfamily includes a diversity of non-voltagegated cation channels that vary significantly in their selectivity and mode of activation. Nevertheless, members of the TRP superfamily share significant sequence homology and predicted structural similarities. Currently, most of the genes and proteins that comprise the TRP superfamily have multiple(More)
Depletion of intracellular calcium stores generates a signal that activates Ca2+-permeable channels in the plasma membrane. We have identified a human cDNA, TRPC1A, from a human fetal brain cDNA library. TRPC1A is homologous to the cation channels trp and trpl in Drosophila and is a splice variant of the recently identified cDNA Htrp-1. Expression of TRPC1A(More)
A steadily increasing number of cDNAs for proteins that are structurally related to the TRP ion channels have been cloned in recent years. All these proteins display a topology of six transmembrane segments that is shared with some voltage-gated channels and the cyclic-nucleotide-gated channels. The TRP channels can be divided, on the basis of their(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) utilizes a G-protein-coupled receptor to activate the small GTP-binding protein Rho and to induce rapid remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. We studied the signal transduction from LPA receptors to Rho activation. Analysis of the G-protein-coupling pattern of LPA receptors by labeling activated G-proteins with [alpha-32P]GTP(More)