Guenter Lochnit

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Neutrophils play an important role in innate immunity by defending the host organism against invading microorganisms. Antimicrobial activity of neutrophils is mediated by release of antimicrobial peptides, phagocytosis as well as formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NET). These structures are composed of DNA, histones and granular proteins such as(More)
Tumor-derived exosomes containing the tetraspanin Tspan8 can efficiently induce angiogenesis in tumors and tumor-free tissues. However, little information exists on exosome-endothelial cell (EC) interactions or the proangiogenic role of tetraspanins, which are a constitutive component of exosomes. In this study, we used a rat adenocarcinoma model(More)
Wnt signalling pathways have extremely diverse functions in animals, including induction of cell fates or tumours, guidance of cell movements during gastrulation, and the induction of cell polarity. Wnt can induce polar changes in cellular morphology by a remodelling of the cytoskeleton. However, how activation of the Frizzled receptor induces cytoskeleton(More)
Cross-reactivity with anti-horseradish peroxidase antiserum is a feature of many glycoproteins from plants and invertebrates; indeed staining with this reagent has been used to track neurons in Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans. Although in insects the evidence indicates that the cross-reaction results from the presence of core(More)
The carbohydrate side chains of batroxobin were liberated from tryptic glycopeptides by treatment with peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase F, pyridylaminated and separated by two-dimensional HPLC. Neutral oligosaccharide derivatives obtained after desialylation were characterized by methylation analysis, liquid secondary-ion mass(More)
In many invertebrates and plants, the N-glycosylation profile is dominated by truncated paucimannosidic N-glycans, i.e. glycans consisting of a simple trimannosylchitobiosyl core often modified by core fucose residues. Even though they lack antennal N-acetylglucosamine residues, the biosynthesis of these glycans requires the sequential action of GlcNAc(More)
To investigate in detail the expression of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) on endothelial cells, 4.85 x 10(9) human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultivated in a 2 l bioreactor using microcarriers as a support for anchorage dependent growing cells. Neutral GSLs and gangliosides were isolated and their structures were determined by TLC(More)
Phosphorylcholine (PC), a small haptenic molecule, is found in a wide variety of prokaryotic organisms, i. e. bacteria, and in eukaryotic parasites such as nematodes, as well as in fungi. Linked to parasite-specific glycoprotein glycans or glycolipids, it is assumed to be responsible for a variety of immunological effects, including invasion mechanisms and(More)
Carbohydrates substituted with phosphocholine (PC) and phosphoethanolamine (PE) were released from zwitterionic glycosphingolipids of the pig parasitic nematode Ascaris suum by treatment with endoglycoceramidase. Individual glycans were obtained by HPLC on porous graphitic carbon followed by high-pH anion-exchange chromatography. In addition to the known(More)
The carbohydrate moieties of glycosphingolipids from eggs of the human parasite, Schistosoma mansoni, were enzymatically released, labelled with 2-aminopyridine (PA), fractionated and analysed by linkage analysis, partial hydrolysis, enzymatic cleavage, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and nano-electrospray(More)