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The Arabidopsis CPD gene encodes a cytochrome P450 steroid side-chain hydroxylase (CYP90) that plays an essential role in the biosynthesis of the plant hormone brassinolide. Expression of the CPD gene is confined to cotyledons and leaf primordia in etiolated seedlings and detectable in the adaxial parenchyma of expanding leaves in light-grown plants.(More)
Ten Fusarium graminearum isolates from China were screened for dsRNA mycoviruses. Five dsRNAs (2.4 to 3.5 kbp) were purified from isolate China 9, cloned, and sequenced. BLAST analysis showed that the proteins encoded by dsRNA1 possess motifs that are conserved in RNA-dependent RNA polymerases, dsRNA2 resembles the hypothetical protein encoded by dsRNA3 of(More)
A procedure involving reverse transcription followed by the polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using a single primer pair was developed for the detection of five tobamovirus species which are related serologically. Either with a subsequent restriction enzyme analysis (RT-PCR-RFLP) or with a RT-PCR using species specific primers the five species can be(More)
Recent discoveries from brassinosteroid-deficient mutants led to the recognition that plants, like animals, use steroids to regulate their growth and development. We describe the characterization of one member of a Brassica napus sulfotransferase gene family coding for an enzyme that catalyzes the O-sulfonation of brassinosteroids and of mammalian(More)
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is in many cases the only available template for molecular and diagnostic studies of RNA viruses. A novel mycovirus with a five dsRNAs segmented-genome served as a model system for the amplification and cloning of dsRNA segments using several PCR-based methods. Sequences obtained by the classical method; random PCR (rPCR) with a(More)
Brassinosteroids are a new class of plant hormones with a polyoxygenated steroid structure showing pronounced plant growth regulatory activity. This review covers their natural occurrence, biological and chromatographic methods for their detection, biosynthesis and metabolism, biological activity, structure-activity relationships and prospective(More)
SUMMARY Tobacco transformed with a construct comprising the nucleocapsid-protein (N) gene of Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) and the 5' non-translated leader sequence of Plum pox virus (PPV) as a translation enhancer displays unusually broad resistance against tospoviruses. Contrary to expectations, the transgenic plants did not express a higher level of(More)
A system for microarrays was developed to detect and differentiate Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) serogroups and subgroups. The coat protein genes of 14 different isolates were amplified using cy3-labelled generic but species-specific primers. These amplicons were hybridized against a set of five different serotype and subgroup specific 24-mer oligonucleotides(More)
The association of Fusarium graminearum isolate China-9 with the dsRNA mycovirus FgV-ch9 was evaluated for hypovirulence-related traits. Single conidia-originating cultures of China-9 isolate can be associated either with high, medium or low amounts of the viral dsRNAs. At high and medium dsRNA levels, China-9 isolates exhibit reduced mycelia growth rate(More)