Guenter A. J. Riegger

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BACKGROUND The ELITE study showed an association between the angiotensin II antagonist losartan and an unexpected survival benefit in elderly heart-failure patients, compared with captopril, an angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. We did the ELITE II Losartan Heart Failure Survival Study to confirm whether losartan is superior to captopril in(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have shown that left ventricular hypertrophy is often found in the absence of an elevated cardiac workload. To investigate whether such hypertrophy is determined in part by genetic factors, we studied the association between this condition, as assessed by electrocardiographic criteria, and a deletion (D)-insertion (I)(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this work was to further define the value of cardiac 31P magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy for patients with coronary artery disease and dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Blood-corrected and T1-corrected 31P MR spectra of anteroseptal myocardium were obtained at rest using image-selected in vivo spectroscopy(More)
OBJECTIVE High dosages of catecholamines induce cardiomyocyte necrosis and interstitial fibrosis in rats. We investigated whether this initial damage is followed by the development of heart failure and assessed the particular role of the renin-angiotensin system using ramipril. METHODS AND RESULTS Following the administration of 0 mg or 150 mg(More)
BACKGROUND An insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been associated with differences in the plasma levels of ACE as well as with myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, left ventricular hypertrophy, and coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS We determined the cardiac ACE activity and the ACE(More)
BACKGROUND Calcium (Ca2+) handling proteins are known to play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of cardiomyopathy. However little is known about early changes in the diabetic heart and the impact of insulin treatment (Ins). METHODS Zucker Diabetic Fatty rats treated with or without insulin (ZDF ± Ins, n = 13) and lean littermates (controls, n = 7)(More)
AIMS The prevalence of left ventricular diastolic abnormalities in the general population is largely unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was, firstly, to identify abnormal diastolic function by echocardiography in an age-stratified population-based European sample (MONICA Augsburg, n=1274, 25 to 75 years, mean 51+/-14) and, secondly, to analyse clinical(More)
Gi proteins mediate the intracellular effects of many vasoactive and proliferative stimuli. Recently such signaling was found to be enhanced in cultured cells of some hypertensive subjects. A polymorphism at position 825 (C-->T) of the G protein beta3 subunit gene (GNB3) was strictly related to this phenotype. The aim of the present investigation was to(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy in response to pressure overload may be modified by neurohumoral activation. To investigate the contribution of the renin-angiotensin system, we studied rats after banding of the ascending aorta that developed severe left ventricular hypertrophy associated with normal plasma renin but elevated cardiac angiotensin-converting(More)
BACKGROUND Oral estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is known to stimulate the synthesis of angiotensinogen. The effects of such therapy on renin, ACE, and aldosterone are less clear. This seems noteworthy, however, since further activation of the system could be disadvantageous to postmenopausal women who replace estrogen in the context of heart failure,(More)