Guei-Sheung Liu

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Uncontrolled fibrosis in organs like heart, kidney, liver and lung is detrimental and may lead to end-stage organ failure. Currently there is no effective treatment for fibrotic disorders. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β has a fundamental role in orchestrating the process of fibrogenesis; however, interventions directly targeting TGF-β would have(More)
Both reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Forkhead box O (FOXO) family transcription factors are involved in the regulation of adipogenic differentiation of preadipocytes and stem cells. While FOXO has a pivotal role in maintaining cellular redox homeostasis, the interactions between ROS and FOXO during adipogenesis are not clear. Here we examined how ROS and(More)
Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is a neurotrophic factor found in mouse spinal cord and hippocampal neurons. In various malignant tumors, the role of HDGF in tumor progression and its use as a diagnostic biomarker or therapeutic target have been extensively explored. However, the prognostic function and mitogenic role of HDGF in gliomagenesis are yet(More)
AIMS Prostacyclin (PGI2) that is released from the vascular endothelium plays an important role in vasodilatation and thrombo-resistance, and it has long been suspected to protect cell survival. How it does so has never been clear. Recently, it has been shown that the NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4) improves endothelial cell functions and promotes angiogenesis in(More)
Damage to peripheral nerves following trauma or neurodegenerative diseases often results in various sensory and motor abnormalities and chronic neuropathic pain. The loss of neurotrophic factor support has been proposed to contribute to the development of peripheral neuropathy. The main objective of this study was to investigate the protective effect of(More)
In this review, we summarize advances in our understanding of redox-sensitive mechanisms that regulate adipogenesis. Current evidence indicates that reactive oxygen species may act to promote both the initiation of adipocyte lineage commitment of precursor or stem cells, and the terminal differentiation of preadipocytes to mature adipose cells. These can(More)
The synthesis of extracellular matrix including collagen during wound healing responses involves signaling via reactive oxygen species (ROS). We hypothesized that NADPH oxidase isoform Nox4 facilitates the stimulatory effects of the profibrotic cytokine transforming growth factor (TGF) β(1) on collagen production in vitro and in vivo. TGFβ(1) stimulated(More)
The anti-inflammatory peptide annexin-1 binds to formyl peptide receptors (FPR) but little is known about its mechanism of action in the vasculature. Here we investigate the effect of annexin peptide Ac2-26 on NADPH oxidase activity induced by tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) in human endothelial cells. Superoxide release and intracellular reactive(More)
PURPOSE Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein (Cas) has recently been adapted to enable efficient editing of the mammalian genome, opening novel avenues for therapeutic intervention of inherited diseases. In seeking to disrupt yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) in a Thy1-YFP transgenic mouse, we assessed(More)
Deprivation of neurotrophic factors contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy. However, the role of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy remains unclear. The present study evaluated the pathogenic role of GDNF deficiency and the therapeutic potential of GDNF gene transfer for diabetic(More)