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Hypertension leads to impaired contractile function. This study examined the impact of inhibition of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) by thapsigargin or cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) on cardiac contractile function in ventricular myocytes from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Mechanical properties were examined(More)
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) is metabolized by cytochrome P450 to form a reactive trichloromethyl radical that triggers a chain of lipid peroxidation. These changes lead to cell injury, and chronic liver injury leads to excessive deposition of collagen in liver, resulting in liver fibrosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of long-term(More)
In vivo and in vitro studies were carried out to examine the putative hypotensive actions of S-petasin, a sesquiterpene extracted from the medicinal plant Petasites formosanus. Intravenous S-petasin (0.1-1.5 mg/kg) in anesthetized rats produced a dose-dependent hypotensive effect. In isolated aortic ring, isometric contraction elicited by KCl or the L-type(More)
Petasites formosanus, an indigenous species of Petasites, has been used to treat cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension for years. We have suggested recently that S-petasin, a major sesquiterpene from P. formosanus, inhibits vascular smooth muscle contraction through inhibition of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels, a phenomenon possibly responsible(More)
Antrodia camphorata, a medicinal fungus, has been used to treat cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension for many years. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of mycelia extracts, from five Antrodia camphorata strains, on vascular tension and underlying mechanisms were explored. In isolated rat aortic rings, accession B86 caused(More)
The vascular endothelium plays an important role in regulating immune and inflammatory responses to resist pathogens infection. Although it has been known that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a critical inducer of sepsis or endotoxemia, the systematic responses of LPS-stimulation in endothelial cells (ECs) are still unclear. The present study aims to analyze(More)
BACKGROUND Arctium lappa (Niubang), a Chinese herbal medicine, is used to treat tissue inflammation. This study investigates the effects of arctigenin (AC), isolated from A. lappa, on anti-CD3/CD28 Ab-stimulated cell proliferation and cytokine gene expression in primary human T lymphocytes. METHODS Cell proliferation was determined with enzyme(More)
Two new aporphine alkaloids, isofiliformine ( 1) and cassythic acid ( 3), along with 22 known compounds were isolated from whole herb of Cassytha filiformis. Cassythic acid ( 3), cassythine ( 4), neolitsine ( 7), and dicentrine ( 8) had potent vasorelaxing effects on precontracted rat aortic preparations with mean IC 50 values between 0.08 and 2.48 microM.(More)
Apoptosis is one of the events that are involved in liver fibrogenesis. Thus, factors that affect apoptosis may be used to modulate liver fibrosis. We have recently reported that Salvia miltiorrhiza plays a protective role in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether S. miltiorrhiza modulated(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Ligusticum chuanxiong (LC) as a common component in many traditional Chinese medicinal formulas and decoctions has been used to treat different central nervous diseases, suggesting a neuroprotective function. AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate the functional roles of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in mediating the(More)