Gudrun Steinhauser

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Plasma cells are found surrounding the inflammatory infiltrates of macrophages, T, and B cells in the synovial tissue of patients with rheumatoid and reactive arthritis. This characteristic arrangement suggests that in the synovial tissue CD20+ B cells differentiate into plasma cells. To examine clonal relationships, we have used micromanipulation to(More)
Structures resembling germinal centers are seen in the salivary glands of patients with Sjögren's syndrome, but it is not known whether the microenvironment of these cell clusters is sufficient for the induction of a germinal center response. Therefore, we cloned and sequenced rearranged Ig V genes expressed by B cells isolated from sections of labial(More)
We have studied the effect of recombinant human hematopoietic growth factors (interleukin-3 [rhIL-3], granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor [rhGM-CSF], and granulocyte CSF [rhG-CSF]) on the clonal growth of human colon adenocarcinoma cell lines HTB-38, CCL 187, and WiDr (CCL 218). The factors stimulated clonal growth of HTB-38 and CCL 187 in a(More)
Plasma cells are of crucial importance for long-term immune protection. It is thought that long-lived plasma cells survive in specialized niches in the bone marrow. Here we demonstrate that bone marrow eosinophils localized together with plasma cells and were the key providers of plasma cell survival factors. In vitro, eosinophils supported the survival of(More)
OBJECTIVE Elevated levels of BAFF and APRIL are characteristic of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The reasons for enhanced cytokine production are not well understood. This study was undertaken to identify the cells responsible for the overproduction of these cytokines. METHODS BAFF expression was analyzed on peripheral blood mononuclear(More)
Xanthate derivatives were shown previously to display antitumor activity against transformed fibroblasts and lymphoma cells in combination with monocarboxylic acids [1]. Various malignant cell lines of human origin were treated in vitro to explore the range of antitumoral activity of the compounds. The combination of tricyclodecan-9-yl-xanthogenate (D 609)(More)
The combinations of tricyclodecan-9-yl-xanthogenate (D 609) with undecanoic acid (C11) and D 609 with myristic acid (C14) were tested in 3 rodent tumor models in vivo. D 609 in combination with C11 or C14 did not show antitumoral efficacy in 3-Lewis lung carcinoma (3-LL) growing in syngeneic C57BL6-mice (primary tumor and metastasis) or in WEHI-3B(More)
We have previously reported on stimulation of clonal growth of cell lines from human solid tumors by recombinant human interleukin 3, recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (W. E. Berdel et al., Blood, 73: 80-83, 1989; Exp. Hematol., 16: 510, 1988). Within an extensive(More)
Organization of the stromal compartments in secondary lymphoid tissue is a prerequisite for an efficient immune reaction. In particular, follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are pivotal for the activation and differentiation of B cells. To investigate the development of FDC, FDC together with tightly associated B cells (FDC networks) were micro-dissected from(More)
We studied the influence of recombinant human (rh) interleukin-3 (IL-3) and rh granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on the clonal growth of a human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line in a methylcellulose assay for colony growth of solid tumor cell lines (HTCAMC) and a capillary modification of a human tumor cloning assay in agar(More)