Gudrun Schuchmann

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One hundred patients were screened for hypercoagulability preoperatively and on the third, seventh, tenth, fourteenth, and twenty-first days postoperatively. Patients found to have hypercoagulability were treated with heparin, aspirin, and Coumadin. When the abnormality was present preoperatively, treatment was continued for the duration of the patient's(More)
Two hundred fourteen patients underwent treatment for carcinoma of the esophagus between January, 1950, and July, 1978, with an over-all 5 year survival rate of 1.9%. Forty-six patients (21.5% of series) underwent esophageal resection with either esophagogastrostomy (37 patients) or colon interposition (nine patients). The operative mortality rate was 18.9%(More)
Case histories are reported of four patients having chylopericardium following cardiac operations. This entity can be recognized by noting the presence of postprandial milky mediastinal drainage that stains positive for fat with Sudan III. Chylopericardium is caused by operative injury to the thoracic duct, by operative injury to tributaries of the thoracic(More)
BACKGROUND Tracheobronchial injuries are encountered with increasing frequency because of improvements in prehospital care and early initiation of the Advanced Trauma Life Support protocol. We review our experience with these injuries with the hypothesis that the leading determinant of patient outcome is the time interval to diagnosis. METHODS Patients(More)
Thirty patients in whom all aorta-coronary artery vein grafts became occluded within one year of operation, as demonstrated by cardiac catheterization, were evaluated for hypercoagulability. A total of 59 grafts were constructed in these patients. At operation, blood flows of 35 to 90 c.c. per minute were measured through the grafts. In 23 of the 30(More)
In an effort to evaluate polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex) as a replacement for large veins, tubular grafts of the material were substituted for the precava in 33 mongrel dogs weighing 15 to 30 kg. Thirteen dogs had grafts 10 cm long by 12 mm wide with a 15-to 30 micron pore size; 15 dogs had grafts of the same length and width from 90-micron pore size(More)
This paper presents results on the selection of application scenarios and persona design for sociolect and dialect speech synthesis. These results are derived from a listening experiment and a user study. Most speech synthesis applications focus on major languages that are spoken by many people. We think that the localization of speech synthesis(More)
This paper describes our work on developing corpora of three varieties of Viennese for unit selection speech synthesis. The synthetic voices for Viennese varieties, implemented with the open domain unit selection speech synthesis engine Multisyn of Festival will also be released within Festival. The paper especially focuses on two questions: how we selected(More)
A case is presented of clockwise torsion of the entire left lung on its bronchovascular pedicle during intraoperative manipulations for a nonpulmonary procedure. The grave consequences are presented as well as a discussion of the mechanism of injury and a review of the pertinent literature. To our knowledge, this is the first such case reported.
An analysis of our experience with 48 patients having bronchiolar or alveolar cell carcinoma is reported. The remarkable biological variability of this peripheral tumor has important surgical implications. Basically, two dominant clinical presentations occur. In the less common diffuse or multinodular form, prolonged survival is infrequent regardless of the(More)