Gudrun Scholler

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Self-efficacy and optimism are considered highly useful parameters in the context of therapeutic indication prognosis, and outcome evaluation. In our study, a combined questionnaire measuring "self-efficacy" (Schwarzer u. Jerusalem 1986) and "optimism" (Scheier u. Carver 1985) was restructured and reduced in length. The resulting instrument was compared(More)
Extracts of St. John's wort ( Hypericum perforatum ) became increasingly popular as easily available remedies for mild to moderate depression. Comedication with hypericum extract was recently shown to drastically reduce plasma concentration of ciclosporin, digoxin, and indinavir. We investigated the possible interaction of hypericum extract LI160 with(More)
OBJECTIVE The concept of quality of life (QOL) is understood as a multidimensional construct made up of physiological, psychological, and social aspects, but their particular weightings for the global QOL are rarely investigated. We examined 1) the general QOL of patients with diabetes, 2) the significance of the individual QOL aspects for the overall(More)
Factitious disorder, Munchausen's Syndrome, and deliberate self-harm have recently been conceptualized as different facets of self-destructive behavior. A descriptive typological classification has been presented by Willenberg et al., but has not yet been tested with a clinical sample. The instrument distinguishes between direct self-harm (e.g.,(More)
OBJECTIVE Physical complaints, emotional states, liver, and immune parameters were investigated as possible indicators of the course of hepatitis A. METHODS Forty-seven patients with hepatitis A were studied by means of the Giessen-Complaint-Inventory (GBB) and the Berlin Mood Questionnaire (BSF), as well as by taking into account their typical liver(More)
Psychosocial factors are discussed to influence the manifestation and course of infectious diseases. The results of psychoimmunological research during the past two decades have proved that different psychosocial factors can alter a great number of immune functions. Clinical studies on the relevance of such immune alterations are still rare. The course of(More)
In a pilot-study 103 gynecological outpatients answered a gynecological questionnaire (FGB) including items of the (non-gynecological) complaints questionnaire (GBB) and a mood questionnaire (BSF). Cluster analyses of the FGB- and BSF-scores identify four groups. One group, consisting of 26 outpatients (= 25%), has as high GBB- and BSF-scores as a group of(More)
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