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Extracts prepared from HeLa cells contain an enzymatic activity which cleaves m7G(5')ppp(5')Gm to m7pG and ppGm. The activity exhibits a high degree of substrate specificity and does not cleave G(5')ppp(5')G or the ring opened derivative of m7GpppGm which has lost the positive charge from the N7 position of m7G. m7GpppGm as the 5' terminal structure of(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) contains a family of luminal proteins (reticuloplasmins) that are normally excluded from the secretory pathway. However, reticuloplasmins are efficiently secreted when murine fibroblasts are treated with calcium ionophores. The secreted and cellular forms of endoplasmin are clearly distinguishable on the basis of gel mobility(More)
Lipid rafts are membrane microdomains specialized in the regulation of numerous cellular processes related to membrane organization, as diverse as signal transduction, protein sorting, membrane trafficking or pathogen invasion. It has been proposed that this functional diversity would require a heterogeneous population of raft domains with varying(More)
Antibiotic resistance is a key medical concern, with antibiotic use likely being an important cause. However, here we describe an alternative route to clinically relevant antibiotic resistance that occurs solely due to competitive interactions among bacterial cells. We consistently observe that isolates of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus(More)
The relationships between resistance to adriamycin, vincristine, colchicine and etopside, expression of P-glycoprotein and CP22 (sorcin), and resistance modification by verapamil and cyclosporin A have been studied in a panel of multidrug-resistant (MDR) mouse tumour cell lines. Whereas there was a generally good correlation between the degree of resistance(More)
Comparative fingerprinting of the Con A acceptor glycoproteins of cultured tumour cell lines has revealed that the patterns obtained from different cell lines are generally different (Koch & Smith, 1982). This raised the possibility that the glycoprotein maps could prove useful in the classification of tumours and may even aid in the preparation of specific(More)
The Con A acceptor glycoproteins of murine and human tumour cell lines revealed by two-dimensional fingerprinting on polyacrylamide gels fall into two main categories: constant glycoproteins expressed by all cell lines and variable glycoproteins which are only expressed by particular tumour cell lines. Since the number of variable glycoproteins on a typical(More)
The metastasis-associated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1) gene has been identified as prognostic biomarker for colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we aimed at the refinement of risk assessment by separate and combined survival analyses of MACC1 expression with any of the markers KRAS mutated in codon 12 (KRAS G12) or codon 13 (KRAS G13), BRAF V600 mutation and MSI(More)