Learn More
BACKGROUND Various anesthetics have been suggested to interfere with the immune system. The ability of leukocytes to express surface receptors and mediators is fundamental to a successful host defense. Therefore, the effects of intravenous anesthetics on cytokine release by leukocytes and expression of surface molecules known to modulate this response were(More)
Computed tomographic colonography (CTC) is a specialized computed tomographic examination that has been optimized for the detection of colorectal polyps. The technology has undergone major advances in recent years and there is emerging consensus that state-of-the-art CTC results in performance characteristics comparable to those of optical colonoscopy for(More)
To our knowledge, primary endoscopic diagnosis of pancreaticoduodenal fistulae has not so far been reported. The diagnosis is often made radiographically at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We report one such case, in which a barium meal x-ray suggested duodenal ulceration, and the endoscopic findings suggested a duodenal diverticulum,(More)
The efficacy and safety of roxithromycin 300 mg once a day was compared with that of erythromycin 500 mg twice a day, both for seven days, in a double blind study of 281 patients (188 men, 93 women) with genitourinary chlamydial infections. At the end of the treatment 251 (89%) patients were evaluable, and at follow up two weeks later 227 (81%) were(More)
Chlamydia trachomatis infection is easy to treat but laborious to diagnose by culture. An antigen-detecting enzyme immunoassay (EIA; Chlamydiazyme, Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, IL), suitable for testing many samples, was compared with the conventional iodine-stained, one-passage culture. A total of 471 duplicate samples from 218 men (urethra) and 128(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis may lead to the suppression of stimulated cytokine release after Gram-negative stimuli, correlating with a fatal outcome. Treatment of sepsis includes adequate therapy with antibiotics. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of antibiotics in the modulation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated cytokine response of human(More)
BACKGROUND Bispectral Index (BIS)-titrated administration allows a reduction of propofol infusion rates in patients undergoing surgery. Resulting differences in anesthetic depth might affect the stress response to surgery involving neural circuitry not reflected in the electroencephalogram. METHODS Forty patients scheduled to undergo elective coronary(More)
We evaluated a commercially-available disposable device ("Ultrafree," Worthington Diagnostics) for the anaerobic preparation of protein-free ultrafiltrates from serum for measurement of ultrafiltrable calcium. Sufficient filtrate for the analysis is obtained with 10 min from 0.2 to 0.4 mL of serum at room temperature. We assessed these ultrafilters with(More)