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PURPOSE We assessed the prognostic impact of IDH1 R132 mutations and a known single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the same exon of the IDH1 gene in patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) in the context of other prognostic markers. PATIENTS AND METHODS IDH1 exon four was directly sequenced in 275 CN-AML patients(More)
PURPOSE To study the incidence and prognostic impact of mutations in DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 489 patients with AML were examined for mutations in DNMT3A by direct sequencing. The prognostic impact of DNMT3A mutations was evaluated in the context of other clinical prognostic(More)
Mutations in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase gene 2 (IDH2) have recently been found in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) as well as in patients with leukemic transformation of myeloproliferative neoplasms. We analyzed 272 adult patients with cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML) for the presence(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the prognostic impact of a known single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the mutational hotspot of WT1 in patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) in the context of other prognostic markers. PATIENTS AND METHODS WT1 exons 7 and 9 from 249 CN-AML patients from multicenter treatment trials AML-SHG(More)
Gene-modified autologous hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) can provide ample clinical benefits to subjects suffering from X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD), a rare inherited immunodeficiency characterized by recurrent, often life-threatening bacterial and fungal infections. Here we report on the molecular and cellular events observed in two young(More)
BACKGROUND The in vivo clinical significance of malignant stem cells remains unclear. METHODS Patients who have the 5q deletion (del[5q]) myelodysplastic syndrome (interstitial deletions involving the long arm of chromosome 5) have complete clinical and cytogenetic remissions in response to lenalidomide treatment, but they often have relapse. To determine(More)
Mutations in genes of the splicing machinery have been described recently in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). In the present study, we examined a cohort of 193 MDS patients for mutations in SRSF2, U2AF1 (synonym U2AF35), ZRSR2, and, as described previously, SF3B1, in the context of other molecular markers, including mutations in ASXL1, RUNX1, NRAS, TP53,(More)
PURPOSE To study the incidence and prognostic impact of mutations in Additional sex comb-like 1 (ASXL1) in a large cohort of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). PATIENTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS Overall, 193 patients with MDS and 65 healthy volunteers were examined for ASXL1 mutations by direct sequencing and for expression levels of ASXL1. The(More)
We aimed to determine the prognostic impact of monosomal karyotype (MK) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the context of the current World Health Organization (WHO) classification and to evaluate the outcome of MK(+) patients after allogeneic HSCT. Of 1058 patients with abnormal cytogenetics, 319 (30%) were MK MK(+). MK(+) patients were significantly older(More)
Mutations in the nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) gene are considered a founder event in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To address the role of clonal evolution in relapsed NPM1-mutated (NPM1mut) AML, we applied high-resolution, genome-wide, single-nucleotide polymorphism array profiling to detect copy number alterations (CNAs) and uniparental(More)