Gudrun C Rieck

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Improvements in the performance of cervical screening may be limited by the diagnostic performance of colposcopy. Nonetheless, colposcopy remains the best available tool to assess women considered at high risk for having or developing cervical cancer. The provision and role of colposcopy across Europe is variable. Introduction of vaccination against human(More)
Several lifestyle factors affect a woman's risk of gynaecological cancer and-potentially-can be modified to reduce risk. This chapter summarises the evidence for the effect of lifestyle factors on the incidence of gynaecological malignancy. The incidence of obesity is increasing in the developed world such that it now contributes as much as smoking to(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate variation in human papillomavirus (HPV) type-16 load within histologically defined grades of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Two hundred and thirty-seven liquid based cytology samples were collected from women attending colposcopy clinics, DNA was extracted, and presence of virus determined by PCR-enzyme(More)
Tamoxifen therapy is associated with an increased risk of endometrial cancer. There is controversy regarding the incidence of high-grade endometrial malignancies associated with tamoxifen therapy. This retrospective study assesses pathological features of endometrial malignancy in patients with and without a history of tamoxifen therapy. This is a(More)
The surgical treatment of endometrial malignancy is based on pre-operative assessment of differentiation, myometrial and lymph node infiltration. Studies have reported the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with conflicting results. This study aims to review the pre-operative accuracy of MRI against the histology in endometrial cancer within a district(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical screening identifies many women with low-grade abnormalities. In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that diindolylmethane (DIM) could potentially halt (cervical) carcinogenesis. We report on a randomised controlled trial of the effect of DIM in women with low-grade cervical cytological abnormalities. METHODS We conducted a pragmatic(More)
BACKGROUND In 2003 the NHS Cervical Screening Programme in England changed the age at which women are first invited for cervical screening from 20 to 25 years. The aim of this review was to assess the evidence for benefit and harm of undertaking cervical screening in Wales for women aged 20-24 years. METHOD A literature review looking for evidence of the(More)
Current cytology-based screening has a moderate sensitivity to detect cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN 3) and cervical cancer even in those states providing rigorous quality control of their cervical screening programs. The impact of vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 as well as the incorporation of HPV testing on(More)
The objective of this study was to describe human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence in South Wales in relation to age, cytology and social deprivation. This was an unlinked, prospective, anonymous, population-based study. DNA was purified from 1911 liquid-based cytology samples (mean age 37.7 years, cytology 93.2% negative, social deprivation average score(More)
Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer worldwide with high risk Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection playing an essential aetiological role. Oestrogen interacts with HPV at a cellular level causing cell growth and inhibition of apoptosis. Indole derivatives, formed during digestion of cruciferous vegetables, have been shown to have(More)