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Trends of prevalence and incidence rates of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (non-insulin-treated diabetes mellitus) were assessed in the population of the GDR based upon the National Diabetes Register and the Official Statistical Year Book as sources for the calculations. Within the 25-year follow-up period 1960-1984 the prevalence rose from 4.39%;(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical outcomes of ambulatory-treated Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and risk factors associated with community-associated CDI (CA-CDI). Adult patients diagnosed with CDI in the institutional or ambulatory-care setting between 1 April 2005 and 30 April 2011, with no other CDI diagnosis in the previous(More)
Two genes encoding membrane antigens of Plasmodium falciparum were isolated by transient expression in mammalian cells and selection with human immune sera from African adults exposed to P. falciparum malaria. COS-7 cells were transfected with a plasmid expression library constructed from P. falciparum genomic DNA, and cells expressing reactive malaria(More)
Stable transformants of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines expressing high levels of human CD36 or intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) have been produced as target cells for cytoadherence of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes. An improved adherence microassay has been designed using small sample volumes and allowing convenient and(More)
OBJECTIVE Olfactory deficits in schizophrenia patients have been suggested to reflect medial temporal and/or prefrontal brain abnormalities. In this study, we examined the relationship between different olfactory functions and volumes of the hippocampus-amygdala complex (HAC) and the orbitofrontal brain region using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (More)
Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes (PfE) were collected from acutely infected children in The Gambia and Tanzania and cultured for more than 30 hr until the parasites were mature trophozoites. Sera collected from these countries, other African countries, Asia, and South America were used in the PfE microagglutination test to determine whether PfE(More)