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BACKGROUND In adults, it has been shown that the pharmacokinetics of doxorubicin are highly variable, despite standardization of the dose based on body surface area (BSA). The purpose of this study was to determine the plasma concentrations of doxorubicin and its active metabolite doxorubicinol in children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). (More)
The pharmacokinetics of azathioprine (AZA) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) was studied in uremic patients after 100 mg AZA intravenously (fifteen patients) and orally (eight patients). 6-MP was analysed with gas chromatography mass spectrometry following extractive alkylation. AZA was determined indirectly assuming quantitative conversion to 6-MP in whole(More)
Phenytoin excretion into human breast milk was studied in six nursing women with epilepsy. The average ratio between the areas under the plasma (and milk) concentration versus time curves (AUC) was 0.13. There was a good (r = 0.97) correlation between the mean plasma and milk concentrations of phenytoin, and an even better relation (r = 0.99) between the(More)
The levels of carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity and the amounts of carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme CA I and CA II proteins in the human gastrointestinal tract were determined by kinetic assays and radioimmunoassays. Cellular distribution of carbonic anhydrase activity in the various segments of the gastrointestinal tract were studied by the histochemical method(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the outcome of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in second remission (2CR), comparing bone marrow transplantation (BMT) using either matched sibling donors or unrelated donors (URDs). PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 65 patients, aged 2 months to 20 years at BMT, with ALL in 2CR underwent allogeneic BMT at seven Nordic(More)
Busulphan levels in plasma were measured in 27 patients during conditioning therapy (1 mg/kg x 4 for 4 days) before bone marrow transplantation. The mean minimal concentration found in children aged less than 5 years (237 ng ml-1) was lower than that observed in adults or older children (607 and 573 ng ml-1, respectively). The AUC for the last dose was(More)
1 Fargeas CA, Corbeil D, Huttner WB. AC133 antigen, CD133, prominin-1, prominin-2, etc.: prominin family gene products in need of a rational nomenclature. Stem Cells 2003; 21: 506–508. 2 Kuci S, Wessels JT, Buhring HJ, Schilbach K, Schumm M, Seitz G et al. Identification of a novel class of human adherent CD34-stem cells that give rise to SCID-repopulating(More)
We studied the pharmacokinetics of doxorubicin in 41 children treated for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. Doxorubicin, 75 mg/m2 body surface area, was administered by constant i.v. infusion over 8 h. Four children with Down's syndrome (DS), 1.2-2.3 years old, had a median total body clearance of 523 ml/min/m2. The median clearance in non-DS(More)
We studied the pharmacokinetics of etoposide in 45 children treated for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. Etoposide, 100 mg/m body surface area/24 h, was administered by 96-h continuous intravenous infusion. Concomitantly, the children received cytarabine 200 mg/m/24 h by intravenous infusion and 6-thioguanine 100 mg/m twice daily orally. Median total(More)