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  • B Klampfer, R Flin, +45 authors Helmreich
  • 2001
Recommendations for the use of Behavioural Markers CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 6-9 Frequently Asked Questions about Behavioural Marker Systems BEHAVIOURAL MARKERS 1. What are behavioural markers? 10 2. How are behavioural markers derived? 10 3. What makes a good behavioural marker? 10 4. What are the domains of application? 11 5. What are the uses of behavioural(More)
Introduction One of the most fundamental questions in the design of organizations and the coordination of processes concerns striking the right balance between standardization on the one hand side and flexibility and openness to change on the other. There are a number of perspectives from which this question can be approached, from a very theoretical one(More)
A method supporting complementary function allocation in automated work systems called KOMPASS will be presented. KOMPASS supports interdisciplinary design teams in deciding about function allocation in automated systems, taking into account the need for an integral consideration of people-related, technological and organizational factors in the design of(More)
BACKGROUND Intermittent work breaks are common in fields with high workload but not yet for surgeons during operations. We evaluated the effects of intraoperative breaks during complex laparoscopic surgery (5 min every half hour) on the surgeon. METHODS Fifty-one operations were randomized to a scheme with intraoperative breaks and release of the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies in anaesthesia and intensive care indicate that a team's ability to adapt its coordination activities to changing situational demands is crucial for effective teamwork and thus, safe patient care. This study addresses the relationship between adaptation of team coordination and markers of clinical performance in response to a(More)
INTRODUCTION We recently reported that 5-minute work breaks every 25 minutes during long lasting laparoscopy in children (intermittent pneumoperitoneum [IPP] scheme) decrease the surgeon's stress markers such as saliva cortisol and heart rate and improve time-concentration scores significantly. Data on the impact of breaks on the patient and on the(More)
BACKGROUND Our goal in this study was to test the relationship between speaking up--i.e., questioning, correcting, or clarifying a current procedure--and technical team performance in anesthesia. Hypothesis 1: team members' higher levels of speaking up are related to higher levels of technical team performance. Hypothesis 2: team members will react to(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the impact of a noise-reduction program in a pediatric operating theatre. BACKGROUND Adverse effects from noise pollution in theatres have been demonstrated. METHODS In 156 operations spatially resolved, sound levels were measured before and after a noise-reduction program on the basis of education, rules, and technical devices(More)
How an organization handles uncertainties stemming from its own production processes and from its environment, is a central characteristic of its functioning. Many organizations, foremost those which have to handle substantial health and safety risks, aim at minimizing uncertainties. This is in contrast with newer organization theory which argues for(More)