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A concise total synthesis of rac-alsmaphorazine D has been described for the first time. The efficient synthetic strategy features four key transformations: 1) a catalytic intramolecular oxidative cyclization for the δ-lactamindole backbone; 2) an oxidative cyclic aminal formation for the hexahydropyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrrole framework; 3) a transannular radical(More)
We propose and fabricate a wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) compatible and multi-functional mode-division-multiplexing (MDM) integrated circuit, which can perform the mode conversion and multiplexing for the incoming multipath WDM signals, avoiding the wavelength conflict. An phase-to-intensity demodulation function can be optionally applied within(More)
In recent decades, targeted nano-drug delivery systems have attracted extensive attention in cancer therapy for their efficient drug delivery and tumor site specificity. Tumor vasculature, including angiogenesis and vasculogenic mimicry is associated tightly with tumor growth, progression and metastasis. Therefore, nano-drug delivery systems targeting tumor(More)
We propose and fabricate an on-chip mode division multiplexed (MDM) photonic interconnection system. Such a monolithically photonic integrated circuit (PIC) is composed of a grating coupler, two micro-ring modulators, mode multiplexer/demultiplexer, and two germanium photodetectors. The signals' generation, multiplexing, transmission, demultiplexing, and(More)
The polarization-division multiplexing (PDM) technology is a practical method to double the transmission capacity, and the corresponding phase regeneration (PR) for PDM signals is meaningful and necessary to extend the transmission distance and increase the transparency for the phase-encoded PDM system. Those reported PDM PR schemes either utilized(More)
A novel adiabatic couplers (ACs) based broadband and fabrication-tolerant two-mode multiplexer (MUX) is designed using silicon-on-insulator (SOI) platform. Being different from the previously reported ACs-based scheme, the converted and multiplexed signals are on conventional modes, rather than supermodes. The experimental results are in good agreement with(More)
The phase regeneration for the mode-division multiplexing (MDM) differential phase shift keying (DPSK) signals in a single multimode silicon waveguide, is proposed and successfully demonstrated in the simulation. The regeneration is based on the mode-selective phase sensitive amplification (PSA). When the pumps and the signal are carried on the same mode,(More)
We propose and experimentally demonstrate an on-chip switchable mode exchange utilizing a Mach-Zehnder interferometer assisted by a phase shifter. The switchable functionality, which is essential for an advanced and reconfigurable optical network, can be realized by controlling the induced phase difference. The measured extinction ratio is ∼24  dB over the(More)
Klotho, an antiaging protein, can extend the lifespan and modulate cellular responses to inflammation and oxidative stress which can ameliorate chronic kidney diseases (CKD). To investigate the molecular mechanism of Klotho on inflammation in cyclosporine A (CsA) induced nephropathy, the mice were transfected with adenovirus mediated Klotho gene and treated(More)