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Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in ten water samples (four pairs of tap water with source water and two additional tap water) were analyzed and a US EPA algorithm was used to estimate their associated human health risks. Organochlorine pesticides were found in most samples analyzed.(More)
Thousands of organic micropollutants and their transformation products occur in water. Although often present at low concentrations, individual compounds contribute to mixture effects. Cell-based bioassays that target health-relevant biological endpoints may therefore complement chemical analysis for water quality assessment. The objective of this study was(More)
As one substitute for phased-out brominated flame retardants (BFRs), tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP) is frequently detected in aquatic organisms. However, knowledge about endocrine disrupting mechanisms associated with nuclear receptors caused by TBOEP remained restricted to results from in vitro studies with mammalian cells. In the study, results of(More)
In the Laurentian Great Lakes basin of North America, an increasing number of chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) are being investigated, including legacy and replacement flame retardants (FRs). In the present study, 14 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), 23 non-PBDEs halogenated FRs (NPHFRs) and 16 organophosphate ester FRs (OPE-FRs) were analyzed in(More)
Cytotoxicity of 6-HO-BDE-47 and its two analogues, BDE-47 and 6-MeO-BDE-47, and the associated molecular mechanisms were assessed by use of a live cell reporter assay system which contains a library of 1820 modified green fluorescent protein (GFP) expressing promoter reporter vectors constructed from E. coli K12 strains. 6-HO-BDE-47 inhibited growth of E.(More)
Chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) in the basin of the Laurentian Great Lakes of North America include per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) classified as perfluoroalkyl acids. We investigated several PFASs, and specifically 13 C4-C16 perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs), 4 (C4, C6, C8 and C10) perfluorinated sulfonates (PFSAs),(More)
The organophosphate flame retardant, triphenyl phosphate (TPHP), has been detected with increasing frequency in environmental samples and its primary metabolite is considered to be diphenyl phosphate (DPHP). Information on the adverse effects of these compounds in avian species is limited. Here, we investigate the effects of TPHP and DPHP on cytotoxicity(More)
The synthetic flame retardant tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) has been frequently detected in natural waters, and its maximum concentration ever reported is 377 ng/L. However, information on the adverse effects of environmentally relevant concentrations of TDCIPP on aquatic organisms are totally unknown. In this study, <12-h old water fleas,(More)
Environmentally relevant organophosphate (OP) triester flame retardants are known to degrade to OP diester phosphoric acids. In this study, a quantitatively sensitive method was developed for OP diesters in biological samples of varying complexity, bovine serum, chicken egg homogenate and pork liver. Fortified with 1ng or 10ng each of the six OP diester and(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and their analogues, such as hydroxylated PBDE (HO-PBDEs) and methoxylated PBDE (MeO-PBDEs) are of interest due to their wide distribution, bioaccumulation and potential toxicity to humans and wildlife. While information on the toxicity/biological potencies of PBDEs was available, information on analogues of PBDEs was(More)