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An apparatus to determine the vapor-liquid equilibria of CO(2)/ionic liquid (IL)/organic solvent multisystems and the viscosity of the liquid phase at elevated pressures has been constructed. The solubility of CO(2) in 3-butyl-1-methyl-imidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([C(4)mim][PF(6)]) and the viscosity of CO(2)-saturated [C(4)mim][PF(6)] have been studied… (More)
Emulsions composed of an ionic liquid (IL) 3-methyl-1-octylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate, water, and surfactant TX-100 (poly(ethylene glycol)-tert-octylphenyl) were studied by laser confocal scanning microscopy, stability determination and electrical conductivity. Multiple water-in-ionic liquid-in-water (W/IL/W) emulsions were formed around water volume… (More)
Graphene/polyaniline composite nanosheets can be prepared with the aid of polymerized ionic liquid, and both individual nanosheets and stable aqueous dispersions of the nanosheets can be obtained.
The workspace of a robot is an important criterion in evaluating manipulator geometry and kinematic performance. A systematical approach was presented in the paper to computing the shape and size of the workspace of planar robot manipulator. Firstly, a novel algorism based on the Monte Carlo method was proposed to depict the boundary curves of robot… (More)
This work demonstrated a facile route to the synthesis of polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers by polymerization of aniline using chloroaurate acid (HAuCl(4)) as the oxidant. The reduction of AuCl(4)(-) is accompanied by oxidative polymerization of aniline, leading to uniform PANI nanofibers with a diameter of 35 +/- 5 nm and aggregated gold nanoparticles which… (More)
The mesoporous metal-organic frameworks are a family of materials that have pore sizes ranging from 2 to 50 nm, which have shown promising applications in catalysis, adsorption, chemical sensing and so on. The preparation of mesoporous metal-organic frameworks usually needs the supramolecular or cooperative template strategy. Here we report the… (More)
Cellulose/KI is a very active, selective, stable, and recyclable catalyst for the cycloaddition reactions of CO(2) and epoxides due to the excellent synergetic effect of cellulose and KI. It is found that the hydroxyl groups on the vicinal carbons of cellulose play a key role for the very high efficiency of the catalyst.
CO(2) can be used to separate surfactant and organic solvent completely in various surfactant/solvent solutions without contaminating the surfactants and solvents. We believe that the simple, efficient, and greener method has wide applications.
Silver nanoparticles were synthesized in sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate (AOT) reverse micelles in isooctane with tetraethylene glycol dodecyl ether (C(12)E(4)) as a cosurfactant. Recovery of the Ag particles from the reverse micelles by dissolving antisolvent CO(2) in the micellar solution was investigated. All the Ag particles in the reverse… (More)
Here we demonstrate the in situ formation of ultra-small gold nanoparticles (<2 nm) finely dispersed on a binary solid carrier, i.e. a mesoporous SiO2 coated graphene oxide (GO) nanosheet. The as-synthesized Au-SiO2-GO composite has shown high catalytic activity and reusability for chemical reactions under mild conditions.