Guanxi Xiao

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Establishment of a neural stem cell niche in the postnatal subependymal zone (SEZ) and the rostral migratory stream (RMS) is required for postnatal and adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulbs (OB). We report the discovery of a cellular lineage in the SEZ-RMS-OB continuum, the specification of which is dependent on the expression of the forkhead(More)
Structural and genetic studies indicate that the antibacterial compound triclosan, an additive in many personal care products, is an inhibitor of EnvM, the enoyl reductase from Escherichia coli. Here we show that triclosan specifically inhibits InhA, the enoyl reductase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis and a target for the antitubercular drug isoniazid.(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) genes are regulated by muscle electrical activity. E-box sequences found in their promoters are necessary for this regulation. However, many muscle genes contain E-boxes, yet are not regulated by muscle depolarization. This suggests that other elements are necessary, perhaps working in conjunction with E-boxes, to(More)
Faithful progression through the cell cycle is crucial to the maintenance and developmental potential of stem cells. Here, we demonstrate that neural stem cells (NSCs) and intermediate neural progenitor cells (NPCs) employ a zinc-finger transcription factor specificity protein 2 (Sp2) as a cell cycle regulator in two temporally and spatially distinct(More)
Diffuse changes in white matter resulting from cerebral microvascular disease contribute to cognitive impairment (Jokinen et al., 2011), declines in global functionality (Inzitari et al., 2009), and even death (Debette and Markus, 2010). Twenty years ago, estimations of the clinical incidence of ce-rebral microvascular disease approached 11 million per year(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) mediate communication between nerve and muscle. The expression of these receptors increases dramatically during muscle development when myoblasts are fusing into multinucleated myotubes. The molecular mechanisms mediating this muscle developmental stage specific expression are not well understood. We report here the(More)
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