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Cell division cycle 42 (CDC42), an important member of the Ras homolog (Rho) family, plays a key role in regulating multiple cellular processes such as cell cycle progression, migration, cell cytoskeleton organization, cell fate determination and differentiation. Among the downstream effectors of CDC42, P21-activated kinases (PAKs) obtain the most(More)
Allostery is the most direct and efficient way for regulation of biological macromolecule function and is induced by the binding of a ligand at an allosteric site topographically distinct from the orthosteric site. AlloSteric Database (ASD, http://mdl.shsmu.edu.cn/ASD) has been developed to provide comprehensive information on allostery. Owing to the(More)
Allostery allows for the fine-tuning of protein function. Targeting allosteric sites is gaining increasing recognition as a novel strategy in drug design. The key challenge in the discovery of allosteric sites has strongly motivated the development of computational methods and thus high-quality, publicly accessible standard data have become indispensable.(More)
The p21-activated kinases have been implicated in the control of cell cycle progression. However, the biological mechanism underlying the role of p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4) in cell cycle control remains unknown. Here, by using quantitative RT-PCR and immunoblot analyses, we discovered that over-expression of PAK4 could suppress cyclin-dependent kinase(More)
Allosteric regulation, the most direct and efficient way of regulating protein function, is induced by the binding of a ligand at one site that is topographically distinct from an orthosteric site. Allosteric Database (ASD, available online at http://mdl.shsmu.edu.cn/ASD) has been developed to provide comprehensive information featuring allosteric(More)
Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) plays a vital role in glucose homeostasis and sustaining β-cell function. Currently there are two major methods to enhance endogenous GLP-1 activity; inhibiting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) or activating G protein-coupled receptor 119 (GPR119). Here we describe and validate a novel dual-target compound, HBK001, which can(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) uniquely promotes signaling of oncogenic K-Ras; but not N-Ras or H-Ras. How CaM interacts with K-Ras and how this stimulates cell proliferation are among the most challenging questions in KRAS-driven cancers. Earlier data pointed to formation of a ternary complex consisting of K-Ras, PI3Kα and CaM. Recent data point to phosphorylated CaM(More)
Carbonic anhydrase IX(CA9)is a member of the carbonic anhydrase family that catalyzes the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide, and plays a key role in the regulation of pH. Although a large number of studies have shown that CA9 is strongly up-regulated by HIF1-α, little is known about the negative regulation mechanism of CA9 in cancer cells. Here we find(More)
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