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Tissue engineering provides new potential treatments for the repair of bone defects. Bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) represent an attractive cell source for therapeutic applications involving tissue engineering, although disadvantages, such as pain of harvest and low proliferation efficiency, are major limitations to the application of(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Flap necrosis is the most commonly encountered outcome influencing the effect of operations in clinical practice. The advent of cytotherapy and regenerative medicine with stem cells, especially adipose-derived stem cell therapy, appears to be a promising approach in providing multi-lineage differentiating cells. However, autologous stem(More)
Hypertrophic scar (HS) is a fibroproliferative disorder caused by abnormal wound healing, which is characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) secreted by fibroblasts. We previous have found that expression of microRNA-21(miR-21) was increased in tissues and fibroblasts of HS. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains to be(More)
BACKGROUND Although the systemic administration of deferoxamine (DFO) is protective in experimental models of normal ischemic flap and diabetic wound, its effect on diabetic flap ischemia using a local injection remains unknown. OBJECTIVE To explore the feasibility of local injection of DFO to improve the survival of ischemic random skin flaps in(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the image of the muscular and cutaneous branches of supratrochlear artery by internal and external carotid angiography and to design the frontal flap for nasal reconstruction. METHODS The muscular and cutaneous branches of supratrochlear artery of 30 adults were investigated through internal and external carotid angiography and(More)
Soft tissue management around the lower third of the leg and foot presents a considerable challenge to the plastic surgeon. The aim of this research was to investigate the anatomical relationships of artery, nerve, vein and other adjacent structures in the posterolateral region of the calf, and our experience with using a distally based island flap pedicled(More)
OBJECTIVE To introduce a method of repairing facial tissue defects caused by various factors. METHODS The reverse narrow pedicle lateral maxillocervical fasciocutaneous flap was designed with its pedicle located in front of auricle. The size of the flaps ranged from 5 cm x 6 cm to 10 cm x 11 cm. The length and width of the pedicle ranged 2 cm-5 cm and 1(More)
BACKGROUND The distally based sural flap has been widely and successfully used to reconstruct soft tissue defects of the distal third of the lower leg and foot. Sensory loss and venous congestion are possible complications of this treatment, but there has been limited research focused on improving the sensory loss and veneous congestion. This study aimed to(More)
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