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The objective was to explore the optimal b value in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of MRI for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant vertebral fractures. Thirty-four consecutive patients with vertebral compression fractures underwent sagittal diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with different b values. The group included 14 patients with 18 benign(More)
AIM To prospectively investigate the role of MR spectroscopy (MRS) and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in assessing vertebral marrow changes in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy-eight postmenopausal women (mean age 63.7+/-3.5 years; range 55-81 years), who underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry(More)
Extragastrointestinal stromal tumors (EGISTs) are rare mesenchymal tumors that originate outside the gastroin-testinal tract. The aim of the present study was to investigate the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of EGISTs and analyze the correlations between radiological findings and pathological features. CT and MRI(More)
Macrophages are becoming increasingly significant in the progression of atherosclerosis (AS). Molecular imaging of macrophages may improve the detection and characterization of AS. In this study, dendrimer-entrapped gold nanoparticles (Au DENPs) with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FI) coatings were designed, tested, and applied as(More)
To compare the respective diagnostic efficiency for breast cancer in Chinese women with x-ray mammography (XRM), ultrasound (US), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; standard dynamic contrasted-enhanced MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging), and different combinations of these imaging modalities, ninety Chinese women patients with clinically suspected breast(More)
AIM To synthesize and characterize cost-efficient polyethylenimine-entrapped gold nanoparticles loaded with gadolinium (Gd@Au PENPs) for dual-mode computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance (MR) imaging applications. MATERIALS & METHODS PEGylated PEI modified with gadolinium (Gd) chelator (DOTA) was used as a template to synthesize the Gd@Au PENPs and(More)
We report the synthesis of poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) nanogels (PVCL NGs) loaded with gadolinium (Gd) for tumor MR imaging applications. The PVCL NGs were synthesized via precipitation polymerization using the monomer N-vinylcaprolactam (VCL), the comonomer acrylic acid (AAc), and the degradable cross-linker 3,9-divinyl-2,4,8,10-tetraoxaspiro-[5,5]-undecane(More)
Purpose To determine the longitudinal relationships among lumbar vertebral blood perfusion, bone mass, and marrow adipose tissue in a rat osteoporosis model after ovariectomy by using quantitative dynamic contrast agent-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, microcomputed tomography (micro-CT), and proton MR spectroscopy. Materials and Methods In(More)
Central primitive neuroectodermal tumour (cPNET), a rare malignant neoplasm of embryonal origin, often occurs in children younger than 15 years. This is the first case report of the imaging findings of an infratentorial cPNET to be reported in a patient. Here, is reported the case of a 6-year-old boy presenting with symptoms of diplopia for 14 days.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether types I and II epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) differ in CT and MRI imaging features. METHODS For this retrospective study, we enrolled 65 patients with 68 ovarian lesions that have been pathologically proven to be EOC. Of these patients, 38 cases underwent MR examinations only, 15 cases underwent CT examinations only, and 12(More)