Guangyi Zhao

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BACKGROUND MicroRNAs are short regulatory RNAs that negatively modulate protein expression at a post-transcriptional and/or translational level and are deeply involved in the pathogenesis of several types of cancers. Specifically, microRNA-221 (miR-221) is overexpressed in many human cancers, wherein accumulating evidence indicates that it functions as an(More)
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of bone in teenagers and approximately 30% of patients develop lung metastasis, which is the leading cause of mortality. Recent studies suggest that the Ezrin protein is correlated with the metastatic potential of several malignant tumors. In our study, ectopic(More)
BACKGROUND Cellular adaptation to a hypoxic microenvironment is essential for tumor progression and is largely mediated by HIF-1α through coordinated regulation of hypoxia-responsive genes. The chemokine SDF-1α and its unique receptor CXCR4 have been implicated in organ-specific metastases of many cancers. In this study, we investigated the response of(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non‑coding RNA molecules, which play regulatory roles at the post-transcriptional level by suppressing the translation of protein‑coding genes or inducing mRNA cleavage. Dysregulated expression of miRNAs is involved in multiple types of cancers and plays important roles in regulating various biological processes(More)
BACKGROUND Limb-salvage surgery has been well recognized as a standard treatment and alternative to amputation for patients with malignant bone tumors. Various limb-sparing techniques have been developed including tumor prosthesis, allograft, autograft and graft-prosthesis composite. However, each of these methods has short- and long-term disadvantages such(More)
AIMS The study aims to investigate the neurotoxicity induced by combined use of intrathecal lidocaine with bupivacaine and ropivacaine, and to examine the effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) on lidocaine-induced neurotoxicity. MAIN METHODS All rats received intrathecal infusion of anesthetics and NGF. To study the neurotoxicity of combined use of(More)
Treatment of tendon-bone junction injuries is a challenge because tendon-bone interface often heals poorly and the fibrocartilage zone, which reduces stress concentration, at the interface is not formed. In this study, we used a compound called kartogenin (KGN) with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to induce the formation of fibrocartilage zone in a rat tendon(More)
Previous animal studies have shown that long term rat treadmill running induces over-use tendinopathy, which manifests as proteoglycan accumulation and chondrocytes-like cells within the affected tendons. Creating this animal model of tendinopathy by long term treadmill running is however time-consuming, costly and may vary among animals. In this study, we(More)
Aging not only affects the whole body performance but also alters cellular biological properties, including cell proliferation and differentiation. This study was designed to determine the effect of aging on the mechanical properties of tendon stem cells (TSCs), a newly discovered stem cell type in tendons, using quartz thickness shear mode (TSM)(More)
Migration is a vital characteristic of various cell types and enables various cellular functions during development and wound healing. Cell movement can be measured by monitoring cell traction forces, which are generated by individual cells and transmitted to the substrate below the migrant cells. This method, termed cell traction force microscopy (CTFM),(More)