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Wild Chinese horseshoe bats have been proven to be natural reservoirs of SARS-like coronaviruses. However, the molecular characterization of key proteins in bats still needs to be explored further. In this study, we used cloning and bioinformatics to analyze the sequence of RIG-I, STAT-1 and IFN-β in the immortalized cell lines from Rhinolophus affinis and(More)
In the wireless sensor networks, prolonging network lifetime is an important aim. Unbalanced energy consumption influences the network lifetime greatly. First this study proposes probability based energy balancing algorithms. A hybrid transmission mechanism is introduced. The sensor node forwards data either by one-hop direct transmission or by multiple(More)
The severe energy constraints of sensors and the unique characteristics of underwater sensor networks (UWSNs) present major challenges for the long-term monitoring applications. This paper proposes two novel adaptive transmission algorithms for UWSNs to prolong lifetime. When a message becomes available for propagation at a node, the node will propagate(More)
Extracellular UDP (eUDP), released as a danger signal by stressed or apoptotic cells, plays an important role in a series of physiological processes. Although the mechanism of eUDP release in apoptotic cells has been well defined, how the eUDP is released in innate immune responses remains unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that UDP was released in(More)
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