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The fruity odor of Chinese liquor is largely derived from ester formation. Ethyl caproate, an ethyl ester eliciting apple-like flavor, is one of the most important esters in the strong aromatic Chinese liquor (or Luzhou-flavor liquor), which is the most popular and best-selling liquor in China. In the traditional fermentation process, ethyl caproate in(More)
Wheat scab (Fusarium Head Blight, FHB) is a destructive disease in the warm and humid wheat-growing areas of the world. Finding diverse sources of FHB resistance is critical for genetic diversity of resistance for wheat breeding programs. Leymus racemosus is a wild perennial relative of wheat and is highly resistant to FHB. Three wheat- L. racemosus disomic(More)
The transcription factor FOXP3 is specifically expressed in regulatory T (Treg) cells and appears to mediate immune surveillance. Indeed, FOXP3(+)Treg cells have been linked to disease pathogenesis, including some cancers. This study investigated the presence of FOXP3(+)Treg cells in colorectal cancer and the relationship of FOXP3 expression with(More)
Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng is the only species in the genus Metasequoia Miki ex Hu et Cheng, which belongs to the Cupressaceae family. There were around 10 species in the Metasequoia genus, which were widely spread across the Northern Hemisphere during the Cretaceous of the Mesozoic and in the Cenozoic. M. glyptostroboides is the only(More)
Although numerous linkage maps have been constructed in the genus Populus, they are typically sparse and thus have limited applications due to low throughput of traditional molecular markers. Restriction-site associated DNA sequencing (RADSeq) technology allows us to identify a large number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) across genomes of many(More)
Identification of genes controlling shoot branching is crucial for improving plant architecture and increasing crop yield or biomass. A branching mutant of Chinese fir named "Dugansha" (Cunninghamia lanceolata var. dugan.) has been isolated in our laboratory. We chose the cDNA-AFLP technique and an effective strategy to screen genes that potentially(More)
Outbreaks of spring viraemia of carp virus (SVCV) in several carp species and other cultivated fish can cause significant mortality and jeopardize the billion-dollar worldwide fish industry. Spring viraemia of carp virus, also known as Rhabdovirus carpio, is a bullet-shaped RNA virus that enters and amplifies in gill epithelium and later spreads to internal(More)
Grass carp reovirus (GCRV), a member of the genus Aquareovirus in the family Reoviridae (Attoui H, et al, 2002), is one of the most virulent aquareoviruses identified so far, leading to high fatality rates (up to 85%) of fi ngerlings and yearlings of grass carp (Fang Q, et al, 2007). No commercial vaccines against GCRV infection have been developed as yet.(More)
M protein of spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) was expressed in Escherichia coli and then used to immunize BALB/c mice. One monoclonal antibody (5A1) against M protein was generated by fusion of mouse myeloma cell line SP2/0 and spleen lymphocytes from immunized mice. The characterizations of this MAb were confirmed by ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent(More)
High throughput screening methodologies play a very important role in screening bioactive compounds from complex media. In this work, a new strategy for attaching cells onto amino microspheres using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) as a probe was developed. The immobilization depended on the specific affinity between integrin on the cells and(More)